Response to DanTex (Reply #11)
Thu Oct 25, 2012, 04:04 PM
friendly_iconoclast (11,304 posts)
15. Ah, good ol' gun prohibitionist false consensus and stereotyping.
...This bias is especially prevalent in group settings where one thinks the collective opinion of their own group matches that of the larger population. Since the members of a group reach a consensus and rarely encounter those who dispute it, they tend to believe that everybody thinks the same way.
Additionally, when confronted with evidence that a consensus does not exist, people often assume that those who do not agree with them are defective in some way. There is no single cause for this cognitive bias; the availability heuristic, self-serving bias and naïve realism have been suggested as at least partial underlying factors.
...Another bias emerged when participants were asked to describe the attributes of the person who made the opposite choice to their own. Compared to other people who made the same choice they did, people made more extreme predictions about the personalities of those who made didn't share their choice.
To put it a little crassly: people tend to assume that those who don't agree with them have something wrong with them! It might seem like a joke, but it is a real bias that people demonstrate.
The “false consensus effect”: An egocentric bias in social perception and attribution processes
Lee Ross, David Greene, Pamela House
Evidence from four studies demonstrates that social observers tend to perceive a “false consensus” with respect to the relative commonness of their own responses. A related bias was shown to exist in the observers' social inferences. Thus, raters estimated particular responses to be relatively common and relatively unrevealing concerning the actors' distinguishing personal dispositions when the responses in question were similar to the raters' own responses; responses differing from those of the rater, by contrast, were perceived to be relatively uncommon and revealing of the actor. These results were obtained both in questionnaire studies presenting subjects with hypothetical situations and choices and in authentic conflict situations. The implications of these findings for our understanding of social perception phenomena and for our analysis of the divergent perceptions of actors and observers are discussed. Finally, cognitive and perceptual mechanisms are proposed which might account for distortions in perceived consensus and for corresponding biases in social inference and attributional processes
Personally, I'd love to raise a family in Switzerland. They've got the kind of family values I like:
"This girl, one of 1,585 who competed, is being coached in sharpshooting with the Assault Rifle 90, the Swiss service rifle."
"The score card: Father and daughter, Swiss diversity."
Girl Beats Guys: A Swiss Teen Rifle Festival
Das Zürcher Knabenschiessen
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|George II||Oct 2012||#12|
|naaman fletcher||Oct 2012||#8|
Ah, good ol' gun prohibitionist false consensus and stereotyping.
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