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Tue Feb 12, 2019, 08:32 AM

Seven moral rules found all around the world

From phys.org:

Anthropologists at the University of Oxford have discovered what they believe to be seven universal moral rules.

The rules: help your family, help your group, return favours, be brave, defer to superiors, divide resources fairly, and respect others' property. These were found in a survey of 60 cultures from all around the world.

...

Dr. Oliver Scott Curry, lead author and senior researcher at the Institute for Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, said: "The debate between moral universalists and moral relativists has raged for centuries, but now we have some answers. People everywhere face a similar set of social problems, and use a similar set of moral rules to solve them. As predicted, these seven moral rules appear to be universal across cultures. Everyone everywhere shares a common moral code. All agree that cooperating, promoting the common good, is the right thing to do."

The study tested the theory that morality evolved to promote cooperation, and that because there are many types of cooperation there are many types of morality. According to this theory of 'morality as cooperation," kin selection explains why we feel a special duty of care for our families, and why we abhor incest. Mutualism explains why we form groups and coalitions (there is strength and safety in numbers), and hence why we value unity, solidarity, and loyalty. Social exchange explains why we trust others, reciprocate favours, feel guilt and gratitude, make amends, and forgive. And conflict resolution explains why we engage in costly displays of prowess such as bravery and generosity, why we defer to our superiors, why we divide disputed resources fairly, and why we recognise prior possession.

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Reply Seven moral rules found all around the world (Original post)
Jim__ Feb 12 OP
NeoGreen Feb 12 #1
Arkansas Granny Feb 12 #2
ProfessorPlum Feb 12 #3

Response to Jim__ (Original post)

Tue Feb 12, 2019, 08:37 AM

1. You only really need 2...

...

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Response to Jim__ (Original post)

Tue Feb 12, 2019, 09:00 AM

2. And here's the takeaway, IMO, and what we need to be teaching our kids.

"We hope that this research helps to promote mutual understanding between people of different cultures; an appreciation of what we have in common, and how and why we differ," added Curry.

(Emphasis mine)

If we could focus more on our similarities and less on our differences, it would make for a better world for all of us.

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Response to Jim__ (Original post)

Tue Feb 12, 2019, 09:31 AM

3. What? I thought morality came from God

and not from our own natures and evolution.

/sarcasm

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