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Mon Jul 18, 2016, 05:47 AM

Solar-powered desalination produces energy

Chemistry World, 5 July 2016, William Bergius

Over 300 million people worldwide rely on the desalination of seawater for their daily water needs, even though it is an energy-intensive and expensive process. But what if you could use desalination to make energy instead of consume it? A research team from Singapore has done just this, designing a prototype solar-powered reactor that converts seawater into clean drinking water and hydrogen fuel.


The proposed mechanism of photothermic catalysis

Desalination is up to 10 times more energy intensive than obtaining drinking water from local fresh water supplies, but in dry coastal regions it is a necessary option. Current methods involve heating water under vacuum to evaporate and distil clean water, or reverse osmosis, which involves driving pressurised salt water through an ion-blocking membrane. If we could desalinate seawater at a lower energy cost, our oceans could become an almost infinite source of clean water, as they contain 97% of the world’s water.

Ghim Wei Ho and her team at the National University of Singapore have developed a new material which could reverse those energy costs. Their nanocomposite consists of silver nanoparticles suspended in tiny particles of silica, all coated in a titania shell. They carefully designed this elaborate morphology to take advantage of the properties of each component and synergistic effects between them...snip

...Ho is excited about the synergy between photocatalytic and photothermic properties. ‘This work defines the forefront of plasmonic photothermic technology, which is vastly untapped and has broad implications in other fields.’ Her team have already built a prototype solar reactor which, when filled with seawater seeded with the new material, condenses the resulting steam into clean water and collects the hydrogen separately...snip
Read More: http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2016/06/solar-powered-desalination-produces-pure-water-hydrogen

Dalam Singapore, hidrogen adalah nombor satu

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Reply Solar-powered desalination produces energy (Original post)
nationalize the fed Jul 2016 OP
Motown_Johnny Jul 2016 #1
HuskyOffset Jul 2016 #2
neohippie Jul 2016 #3
kristopher Jul 2016 #4

Response to nationalize the fed (Original post)

Mon Jul 18, 2016, 07:05 AM

1. This is great news, but....

 

You will always need to use energy to fuel the process.

I don't believe that it is possible to get as much energy out of the process as you put in.

Still, it is an important breakthrough.


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Response to Motown_Johnny (Reply #1)

Mon Jul 18, 2016, 07:36 AM

2. The energy comes from a giant fusion reactor

which we call "Sol", also called "the sun". It's right in the title, "solar powered".

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Response to nationalize the fed (Original post)

Mon Jul 18, 2016, 08:48 AM

3. Being that safe drinking water is probably the next resource that wars will be fought over

Win Win science, solar powered, also helps as it helps create another fuel as a byproduct and helps eliminate the scarcity of safe drinking water issues and hopefully reduce possible conflicts over water sources

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Response to nationalize the fed (Original post)

Mon Jul 18, 2016, 02:40 PM

4. +1

Awesome.

Paper available free until 15 August 2016. Registration at journal required.
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2016/ee/c6ee00971a#!divAbstract

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