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Fri May 1, 2020, 08:37 AM

Polish Study: Rate Of Warming For Svalbard Archipelago Six Times Global Average

Scientists from the Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences (IGF PAN) made the worrying discovery during expeditions to the Polish Polar Station Hornsund. The scientists presented their findings in Earth System Science Data.

Professor Marzena Osuch, study co-author and hydrologist, told the Polish Press Agency (PAP): "The average temperature in Hornsund between 1979 and 2018 rose by 1.14C per decade. "The change is more than six times higher than the global change for the same period." According to the expert, the global average for this period stood at 0.17C per decade.

Scientists have attributed the drastic differences to melting ice water in the region. Lead author Dr Tomasz Wawrzyniak from IGF PAN said: "Such rapid temperature changes, compared to the rest of the world, are due, among other reasons, to sea ice disappearing in the Arctic.

"The duration of snow cover is also dropping during the year. "As a result, albedo changes - more solar radiation is absorbed by oceans and land areas, which changes the oceanic and atmospheric circulation."



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