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Wed Feb 24, 2021, 06:05 AM

ABA Passes Resolution Proposed by USVI Bar in Support of 4th Amendment Protections

American Bar Association Passes Resolution Proposed by USVI Bar in Support of Fourth Amendment Protection Against Unreasonable Search and Seizure

The American Bar Association has once again expressed its support for recognizing that U.S. citizens in the territories should be entitled to the same constitutional protections as U.S. citizens anywhere, announced Equally American, a nonprofit that advocates for equality and voting rights for the nearly 4 million Americans living in U.S. territories.

On Monday, the ABA’s House of Delegates passed a resolution, proposed by the Virgin Islands Bar Association, that supports recognizing the full application of the Fourth Amendment’s protection against unreasonable search and seizure to people and goods traveling between the U.S. territories and other parts of the United States.

Though the Supreme Court has identified the Fourth Amendment’s protection from unreasonable search and seizure as a right that extends to the U.S. territories, a decision last year by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit deviated from this precedent, according to Equally American. In United States v. Baxter, the Third Circuit applied the international “border search exception” to searches of people and goods traveling between the mainland United States and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In January, the Supreme Court denied a petition to review this decision, leaving unresolved whether the Fourth Amendment allows the warrantless search of people and goods, even in the absence of probable cause or reasonable suspicion, in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa.

“The ABA resolution recognizes the injustice of having a rule for the Fourth Amendment’s prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures that protects citizens living in the 50 states and Puerto Rico but does not protect citizens living in other territories,” said Neil Weare, president and founder of Equally American. “We are grateful for the ABA’s ongoing support of equal rights for residents of U.S. territories, and we appreciate the consistent leadership of the Virgin Islands Bar Association in raising these issues on the national stage."

Read more: https://viconsortium.com/vi-government/virgin-islands-american-bar-association-passes-resolution-proposed-by-usvi-bar-in-support-of-fourth-amendment-protection-against-unreasonable-search-and-seizure

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