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Judi Lynn

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This 509-year-old map contains the first known use of the word 'America' but not where you may thi

This 509-year-old map contains the first known use of the word 'America' — but not where you may think

[center]1507

Universalis Cosmographia

The known world, and introducing "America"

by Alex Q. Arbuckle




The east coast of South America, the first known instance of "America" being used in a document.

Image: Library of Congress [/center]


In April 1507, German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller published his Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorumque lustrationes, or The Universal Cosmography according to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Discoveries of Amerigo Vespucci and others.

It was the first known map to feature parts of the New World labeled “America,” derived from the Latin version of Vespucci’s first name.

Vespucci had traveled up and down the east coast of South America a few years earlier, finding it to extend much farther south than previously thought — a whole new continent.

Composed of 12 separate woodcut prints, the map was meant to be assembled and hung on a wall. Using a modified Ptolemaic projection, Waldseemüller aimed to reconcile the recent discoveries of Vespucci and others with existing knowledge.

More:
http://mashable.com/2016/12/24/universalis-cosmographia/

Science:
http://www.democraticunderground.com/122850112

This 509-year-old map contains the first known use of the word 'America' but not where you may thi

This 509-year-old map contains the first known use of the word 'America' — but not where you may think

[center]1507

Universalis Cosmographia

The known world, and introducing "America"

by Alex Q. Arbuckle




The east coast of South America, the first known instance of "America" being used in a document.

Image: Library of Congress [/center]


In April 1507, German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller published his Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorumque lustrationes, or The Universal Cosmography according to the Tradition of Ptolemy and the Discoveries of Amerigo Vespucci and others.

It was the first known map to feature parts of the New World labeled “America,” derived from the Latin version of Vespucci’s first name.

Vespucci had traveled up and down the east coast of South America a few years earlier, finding it to extend much farther south than previously thought — a whole new continent.

Composed of 12 separate woodcut prints, the map was meant to be assembled and hung on a wall. Using a modified Ptolemaic projection, Waldseemüller aimed to reconcile the recent discoveries of Vespucci and others with existing knowledge.

More:
http://mashable.com/2016/12/24/universalis-cosmographia/

Wankers of the Week: Crappy Unpresidented Holidays!

Wankers of the Week: Crappy Unpresidented Holidays!

Posted on December 23, 2016 by Sabina Becker





Crappy weekend, everyone! And a very crappy holiday season to all and sundry, with a special note of Fuck Your Feelings to all the Deplorables who wore THOSE shirts, and who will soon be feeling the fuckery. Oh yes, very soon, and with everyone wishing them happy holidays and not caring a fuck for their Merry Christmas, because it’s not the only holiday going on during this time of year. (There’s also Yule, Hanukkah, and New Year’s Eve and Day, to name just four.) So, Gods bless us, every one…except for the Deplorables. And these execrable motherfuckers, in no particular order:

1. Richard Fucking Spencer. You want an all-white colony on the Moon, Nazi-boy? That could be arranged. But the oxygen will cost you extra. A LOT extra. Also, your German pronunciation sucks. Stop trying to appropriate my language, you poorly-dressed creep with a weak chin and an ugly haircut.

2. Philip Fucking Davies. No, of course he doesn’t want there to be violence against women and girls, oh heavens no. And yet there he is, filibustering to try to stop debate on (and passage of) a law that would do something about that very problem. His political career, at this rate, is bound to be very nasty, brutish and short, just like Der Drumpf’s fingers.

3. Ezra Fucking Levant. Why?



That’s why. In his haste to burnish his Muslim-bashing credentials, the Putz decided to lift a page from #1’s book and go straight for the Nazi terminology to vilify all the media that aren’t in (goose-) step with his own views. But hey! At least he wrote what could just as easily be his own warning label. Because there really isn’t a single thing he and his so-called “Rebel Media” aren’t capable of lying about.

More:
http://www.sabinabecker.com/

Finland to begin paying basic income to unemployed citizens

Source: Independent

Finland to begin paying basic income to unemployed citizens

Scandinavian country becomes first to adopt policy with new trial of 2,000 unemployed people
Ben Kentish
@BenKentish
3 hours ago




Finland is to introduce a basic income for some citizens from next month, becoming the first country to adopt the policy.

Two thousand unemployed people will be given 560 (480) every month for two years, without any restrictions or conditions attached. Leaders hope the move will improve life quality, reduce unemployment and create jobs.

Recipients will not need to prove they are looking for work and the money will be given regardless of any other income the person earns.

The Finnish government is planning to study whether the policy helps recipients find work. It suspects many unemployed people are put off getting a job because they will lose unemployment benefits and therefore be worse off financially a similar problem to that which tax credits were designed to solve in the UK.

Read more: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/finland-universal-basic-income-ubi-citizens-560-euros-monthly-job-poverty-unemployment-a7492911.html

This panda battling a snowman is all of us grappling with the year 2016

This panda battling a snowman is all of us grappling with the year 2016

Da Mao, a giant panda at the Toronto Zoo, faced off against a snowman that his zookeepers constructed for his ‘enrichment’ in a widely viewed video

Julia Carrie Wong
@juliacarriew
Thursday 22 December 2016 14.39 EST

The year 2016 took Prince, David Bowie, Professor Snape and most of our sanity. But it has given us this video of a giant panda trying and failing to kill a snowman.

Da Mao, a giant panda at the Toronto Zoo, faced off against a curiously bi-global snowman that his zookeepers constructed for his “enrichment”, in a video viewed more than half a million times.

After initially clawing at the snowman’s torso, the panda mounted the frozen structure and perched triumphantly on its head, before promptly losing his balance, falling, and being conked in the face by the snowman’s head as it fell to the ground.

The giant herbivorous mammal made several subsequent attempts to scale the decapitated snowman, but repeatedly tumbled, displaying both perseverance and flexibility as he somersaulted on to the snow-covered ground.

More:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/dec/22/panda-snowman-da-mao-toronto-zoo

Brazil budget cuts put uncontacted Amazon tribe at risk, say activists

Brazil budget cuts put uncontacted Amazon tribe at risk, say activists

Tribe, who fired arrows at helicopter photographing them, also face threat from proposed change to land laws, says group

Adam Vaughan
@adamvaughan_uk
Friday 23 December 2016 09.48 EST


An uncontacted Amazon tribe could be at risk as Brazil makes austerity-driven budget cuts and proposals for constitutional change affecting land rights move through parliament, campaigners have said.

The tribe were photographed from a helicopter by Ricardo Stuckert this month near the border with Peru.

“These are dark times if you’re an indigenous person in Brazil,” said Fiona Watson, a field director at the London-based human rights organisation Survival International. “For the people in those photos the biggest threat is the loggers and drug traffickers on the Peru side. That’s the immediate, visceral threat. But the other threat is thousands of miles away in [Brazil’s] congress.”

The prospect of budget cuts to the governmental body tasked with protecting indigenous people, Funai, could be the “writing on the wall” for the tribe and the 102 other such uncontacted groups in Brazil, Watson said.

More:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/dec/23/brazil-budget-uncontacted-amazon-tribe-risk-indigenous

How Journalists Covered the Rise of Mussolini and Hitler

Reports on the rise of fascism in Europe was not the American media's finest hour

By John Broich, The Conversation
smithsonian.com
December 13, 2016

How to cover the rise of a political leader who’s left a paper trail of anti-constitutionalism, racism and the encouragement of violence? Does the press take the position that its subject acts outside the norms of society? Or does it take the position that someone who wins a fair election is by definition “normal,” because his leadership reflects the will of the people?

These are the questions that confronted the U.S. press after the ascendance of fascist leaders in Italy and Germany in the 1920s and 1930s.

A leader for life

Benito Mussolini secured Italy’s premiership by marching on Rome with 30,000 blackshirts in 1922. By 1925 he had declared himself leader for life. While this hardly reflected American values, Mussolini was a darling of the American press, appearing in at least 150 articles from 1925-1932, most neutral, bemused or positive in tone.

The Saturday Evening Post even serialized Il Duce’s autobiography in 1928. Acknowledging that the new “Fascisti movement” was a bit “rough in its methods,” papers ranging from the New York Tribune to the Cleveland Plain Dealer to the Chicago Tribune credited it with saving Italy from the far left and revitalizing its economy. From their perspective, the post-WWI surge of anti-capitalism in Europe was a vastly worse threat than Fascism.

Ironically, while the media acknowledged that Fascism was a new “experiment,” papers like The New York Times commonly credited it with returning turbulent Italy to what it called “normalcy.”

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/how-journalists-covered-rise-mussolini-hitler-180961407/#iUJKsKdvr59oGFvf.99

Stunning wall of sea smoke rises as freezing temperatures hit the US

Stunning wall of sea smoke rises as freezing temperatures hit the US

AN ICY fog above Lake Superior shows the freezing American temperatures hitting land as the country braces for a mega storm over Christmas.

By Darren Hunt
PUBLISHED: 11:35, Fri, Dec 23, 2016 | UPDATED: 12:35, Fri, Dec 23, 2016


The wall of fog was filmed as the warm temperature of Lake Superior, the largest of the five great lakes, quickly evaporated in the freezing incoming air.

Rising hundreds of feet in the below-freezing air – the wave of fog creates a rare scene which stunned locals who had rarely seen such a sight.

The footage, which is believed to have taken place last week, sees the fog enter near Duluth Harbor in Minnesota.

Reports suggest the temperatures were even more deadly just miles away at the town of Embarrass where they dropped to -38F.

More:
http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/746756/Minnesota-storm-cloud-sea-smoke-rises-freezing-temperatures-Lake-Superior-Duluth-Harbor

This Amazon tribe lived without the outside world. They may be the last

This Amazon tribe lived without the outside world. They may be the last

Dan Collyns

Ricardo Stuckert’s astounding images reminded me of my experiences meeting isolated indigenous people. With living space diminishing, their future is in peril

Friday 23 December 2016 12.18 EST


The remarkable photos taken by Ricardo Stuckert of an uncontacted Amazon tribe reminded me of my own experience with the indigenous people of nearby Peru. “The Nomole are here, they’ve come. The Nomole,” were the hushed whispers I heard outside my tent as I was roused from my dawn slumber. Nomole was a term meaning brothers which I had heard many times in the last few days, at once embracing and familial yet also uttered with apprehensive concern.

With a jolt of adrenaline I pulled on some trousers and stumbled out into the open and jogged to the edge of a riverside bluff and gazed out. As the morning mist rose like steam off the Manu national park forest, 11 matchstick figures had emerged from the foliage and were walking out over a rock-strewn strand some 200m away across the turbulent Upper Madre de Dios river.

To me it could have been a scene from the dawn of mankind. I felt I was looking at humanity, stripped down in all its primitive magnificence, and it was humbling. Men, women, one pregnant, one with an infant, and children, naked and unarmed strode over the rocks and began to call out, beckoning to special protection agents employed by Peru’s culture ministry on our side of the river bank.

It was Romel Ponciano, whom they called Yotlotle (which means giant river otter in their language), they were calling for. Having seen one of these exuberant Amazonians I had to admit the anthropomorphic resemblance was uncanny and even funny. Portly and affable, Ponciano, an indigenous Yine leader, had a gentle air and exuded calm. He had had more than 20 encounters with the Mashco-Piro tribe and understands about 80% of their language. Such meetings can be dangerous, even deadly, but as children rode piggy-back on Ponciano’s back and he gave his T-shirt to one of the men to wear it was clear I was beholding a friendly exchange as timeless and quintessentially human as any.

More:
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/dec/23/amazon-tribe-no-contact-outside-world-last-ricardo-stuckert

Sighting of uncontacted Amazonian tribe in pictures

Sighting of uncontacted Amazonian tribe – in pictures

Brazilian photographer Ricardo Stuckert captured amazing close-up photographs of an uncontacted Amazonian tribe after his helicopter flight took a detour to avoid a rainstorm and happened to fly over their longhouse


Ricardo Stuckert
Thursday 22 December 2016 18.07 EST

Photos at link:

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2016/dec/22/sighting-of-uncontacted-amazonian-tribe-in-pictures
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