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Gender: Male
Current location: New Jersey
Member since: 2002
Number of posts: 27,991

Journal Archives

You do realize, don't you, you can access something called "data" for free?


I do it all the time. Try it some time.

If one were to have a sense of honor, one might look at data before offering weakly trying to insult people who access and use data, but no matter. I've been studying energy seriously for more than 30 years in the primary scientific literature, and I am fully aware of people who are disinterested in facts. In fact, it's a popular thing these days, so much so, that my AAAS tee shirt had printed on it the tautological statement, "Facts are facts." That shouldn't be controversial, but it is.

For an example of readily available data, the CAISO supply page provides data for all the solar facilities in the State of California in real time in 5 minute increments. If one has not joined Greenpeace, and therefore is not excluded from being able to do mathematics, one could, if one gave a shit, do simple calculations using low level Excel formulas. If one is interested, one can readily calculate the capacity utilization of all the solar, and for that matter, all of the wind facilities in that gas dependent State, which is the largest producer of solar energy in the world.

One can choose any date, by using the dropdown menu in the upper right hand of any graphic, and download a CSV file of the actual data using the dropdown menu in the upper left hand menu.

The 2020 capacity of solar facilities in the State was 15,637.7 MW.

Many days, for example today, I download the CSV files for both so called "renewable energy" and total energy for the previous day which are available on the supply.

If one is not a handwaving fool who expects to make unsupported and unreferenced Pablum announcements thus demonstrating the Dunning Kruger effect being operative, one can use this data to support or refute one's statements using such data.

Of course, I could mimic Dr. Fauci's remark to Senator Paul in this context, but why bother?

The people who have lazily bet the future of humanity on their solar energy fantasies, piss me off, because their ignorance is destroying the future. We hit 420 ppm of the dangerous fossil fuel waste carbon dioxide in the planetary atmosphere because people are too lazy to open science books, or peruse data sites, many of which are freely available.

They're not worth the blood pressure spike to engage them, and they all end up on my ignore list. We have enough delusional people with whom we must deal in the Republican Party, and it is disheartening to see similarly delusional people in our Party. The flaws of one's own are always worse than external flaws.

Before I wish you a nice life, some data analysis, using simple Excel functions operated on the CSV files, from the 7/20/21 24 hour data available at the CAISO website:

In the entire State of California, over the 24 hour period of 7/20/21 the output of the "15,637.7 MW" of solar capacity varied between a high of 11,835 MW, observed in the 5 minute period beginning at 13:35 PDT (1:35 PM PDT), and a low of -50 MW, which represents the energy losses associated with powering the connectors when the solar cells are producing zero energy.

The number of five minute periods in the 288 data points in which the capacity utilization was 100% was zero. In fact, the number of 288 periods where all the solar plants supplying California were functioning at 90% of capacity utilization was zero. In fact, the number of 288 periods where all the solar plants supplying California were functioning at 80% of capacity utilization was zero. The number of 5 minute periods out of 288 where the capacity utilization was more than 70% is 47 representing 235 minutes, or a little under 4 hours of a 24 hour day. In fact, the number of 288 periods where all the solar plants supplying California were functioning less than 10% of capacity utilization was 139, representing 695 minutes, a shade under 12 hours.

The highest capacity utilization was at the aforementioned peak, 13:35 PDT (1:35 PM PDT) which was 75.80%. The standard deviation for all 288 five minute periods in the 24 hours was an enormous 31.0% (as measured in the percent talk that solar advocates use to misrepresent the "success" of their useless and expensive fantasy.)

This is the data for the whole damned State of California, plus solar imports from Arizona and Nevada.

Great job!

Have a nice life; I wish I could say I enjoyed this interaction, but I can't; nevertheless surely and thankfully, it will be the last between us.

Just picked a bowl of wild raspberries, and poured them on some vanilla ice cream

It's a sort of guilty pleasure to live where I live. I'm a suburban asshole with a car and lawn, although I detest both lawns and cars. When I first moved in, my neighbor, and older gentleman, an accomplished birder with a very long life list, now passed, stopped by and defined for me, a first time home owner, what was and what was not a "weed." "If you want it there, it's a plant," he said, "If you don't want it there, it's a 'weed.'"

I have lived by his wisdom since.

I have almost no weeds, only lots of kinds of mysterious plants, other than poison ivy, which I kill by burying it under clippings.

Some years ago, I either attended a lecture by or read an editorial by the former Editor of one of my favorite Scientific Journals, Environmental Science and Technology, Jerald L. Schnoor, in which he said that the common suburban practice that he found to be the most odious was applying fertilizers - phosphate is a non-renewable resource, and even it wasn't, fertilizer run-off is killing our fresh water reservoirs - to suburban lawns. Food is one thing, chemical lawns another. He's right.

So I don't fertilize my lawn.

I also don't use weed killers; I do mow all the species - there are a lot of them - except certain interesting flowers when they bloom, I wouldn't want to make my neighbors even more unhappy with me than they already are.

For the last for years, as they began to grow in from the surrounding woods, wild raspberry bushes began appearing in the middle of the yard, and all around the edges patches appearing in the middle of various places in the yard. They don't get mowed.

For the last few years, I've been harvesting them. They're small, and after a rain, incredibly delicious. There's about a three week period when they're available. It's always a competition with the birds; and they do get their share. You wait too long and "their share will be 100%, not counting the drop offs. We share. It's bird droppings that have spread these raspberry weeds.

We've had generous rains, and only a few instances of oppressive heat. After many years of spreading raspberry bushes, we have a bumper crop, the birds and I.

I harvested a bowl this afternoon. It's a good way, by the way, to appreciate what farm workers go through. A package the size of the bowl I picked would probably cost about $7 in a supermarket around here. It makes you appreciate what the wages must be.


I had a little vanilla ice cream that I smuggled in out of sight of my wife.

Wild raspberries and vanilla ice cream...

What good have I done to deserve this? Heaven in New Jersey!

Life is astoundingly beautiful and then you die.

UK's First Gas-Fired Allam Cycle Power Plant Taking Shape

This is a news item from Power magazine, to which I have a free subscription, owing to my interest in trends in engineering the electrical grid: UK’s First Gas-Fired Allam Cycle Power Plant Taking Shape

Let me preface my remarks by clearly stating, that in my view, 100% of "let's build carbon dioxide dumps" (sequestration) are unsustainable lipstick on the dangerous fossil fuel pig, just as wind power and solar power are unsustainable lipstick on the the dangerous natural gas pig.

This news item involving the Allam cycle, in which I've had considerable interest in a highly modified form that I call "the reverse Allam cycle," is involved in the unsustainable fantasy of building carbon dioxide dumps the consequences of which will fall on future generations.

The Allam cycle, as generally described, is essentially an oxyfuel combustion cycle designed to convert dangerous natural gas into a pure stream of carbon dioxide. Pure streams of carbon dioxide may have seriously important industrial uses, and there are many reasons that having them is desirable, but obtaining such a waste stream from a dangerous fossil fuel, any dangerous fossil fuel is in my view a crime against all future generations, and in fact, all living things.

From the news item:

The inventor of the Allam-Fetvedt Cycle, a novel power cycle that uses supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2), is collaborating with a subsidiary of Singapore-based Sembcorp Industries to potentially develop the UK’s first 300-MW natural gas–fired NET Power station at an existing site at Teesside, northeastern England.

Zero Degrees Whitetail Development Ltd. (ZDW), a subsidiary of North Carolina-based 8 Rivers Capital, and Sembcorp subsidiary Sembcorp Energy UK (SEUK) on July 13 said they will collaborate to set up the 300-MW Whitetail Clean Energy NET Power project at SEUK’s Wilton International site. While the companies did not provide a potential start date, 8 Rivers said the project may be the first of “multiple 300-MW facilities in the UK,” and that it could commission a NET Power station in the UK “as soon as 2025.”

The project is another notable prospect for 8 Rivers, which has been developing its potentially revolutionary power plant based on the Allam-Fetvedt Cycle (AFC) since 2012 under NET Power, a business arm it holds jointly with heavyweight industry backers Exelon, McDermott, and Occidental Low Carbon Ventures.

As POWER has reported, the AFC is essentially a specialized Brayton cycle that is directly fired with oxy-fuel and uses supercritical CO2 instead of steam as its working fluid. The cycle also recycles its exhaust heat and eliminates all air emissions, including traditional pollutants and CO2. As a byproduct, the cycle produces pipeline-quality CO2 that can be sequestered. NET Power has said these attributes could make it more cost-competitive and efficient than traditional gas power plants...

A picture from the news item:

It's probably open sourced, so anyone interested can read the whole news item herself or himself.

Oxyfuel combustion that does not involve separation of oxygen from air, either by membrane, pressure swing or other energy wasting schemes, would be available as a side product of thermochemical water splitting, and as such, might produce very pure carbon dioxide streams associated with the combustion of say, waste biomass.

A reverse Allam cycle would use carbon dioxide, rather than oxygen, as the oxidant. This would also produce enormous environmental benefits in a case where a future generation chooses to clean up, via what would essentially amount to air capture, after the waste produced by our generation and dumped indiscriminately into one of our favorite waste dumps, the planetary atmosphere, while we all waited, like Godot, for the grand so called "renewable energy" nirvana that did not come, is not here, and won't come.

I trust you're having a nice weekend.

The terrible beauty of reading Max Hastings.

Having just completed Ian Toll's Pacific War Trilogy, on my reading list this week is Max Hastings' Inferno: The World At War 1939-1945.

There is, in my opinion, no historian of war, quite like Hastings, no one who writes of the horror, the criminality of war with equal condemnation of all participants, mixed with resigned but muted praise for those who had war forced on them and somehow prevailed.

His prose, dryly factual, makes you want to weep.

I have only read the introduction to Inferno, but I know I'm in for it. This is not, like his other books, say on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Nemesis, The Battle for Japan, 1944-1945, a military history but is an effort to see the war from beneath, from the perspective of the suffers "on the ground."

Excerpts of the introduction:

...This book sustains a chronological framework and seeks to establish and reflect upon the "big picture," the context of events: the reader should gain a broad sense of what happened to the world between 1939 and 1945. But its principal purpose is to illuminate the conflict's significance for a host of ordinary people of many societies, both active and passive partcipants - though the distinction is often blurred. Was, for example, a Hamburg woman who ardently supported Hitler, but perished in the July 1943 firestorm gnerated by Allied bombing, an accomplice to Nazi war guilt or the innocent victim of an atrocity?...


...The plight of the Jewish people under Nazi occupation loomed relatively smlal in the wartime perceptions of Churchill and Roosevelt, and less surprisingly in that of Stalin. About one-seventh of all fatal victims of Nazism and almost one-tenth of all wartime dead, ultimately proved to have been Jews. But at the time their persecution was viewed by the Allies merely as one fragment of the collateral damage caused by Hitler, as indeed, the Russians still see the Holocaust today. The limited attention paid to the Jewish predicament by the wartime Allies was a source of frustration and anger to informed coreligionists at the time, and has prompted indignation since. But it is important to recognise that between 1939 and 1945 the Allied nations saw the struggle overwhelmingly in terms of the threat posed by the Axis to their own interests, though Churchill defined these in generous and noble terms...


...It would have seemed monstrous to a British or American solider facing a mortar barrage, with his comrades dying around him, to be told that the Russian casualties were many times greater. It would have been insulting to invite a hungry Frenchman, or even an English housewife weary of the monotony of rations, to consider that in besieged Leningrad starving people were eating one another, while in West Bengal they were selling their daughters...


In Britain and American, confidence that our parents and grandparents were fighting "the good war" is so deeply ingrained that we often forget that people in many countries adopted more equivocal attitudes: colonial subjects, and above all India's 400 million, saw little merit in the defeat of the Axis if they continued to endure British suzerainty...

Hastings has a very different perspective, sees through the glorified bullshit to see war as it is.

...a tough, horrible, but strangely compelling and necessary read...

Periodic Table As Seen By Organic Chemists.

I saw this on Linkedin, posted by a very senior guy at Lilly.

I will confess to having been an organic chemist, although at this point in my career, near the end, I'm more an analytical chemist.

We're really not entirely this shallow when it comes to the chemistry of the elements - samarium does some cool organic chemistry, as does, for that matter, cerium (Who cares?) - but I found it hilarious overall.

I recall a lecture by Barry Trost, a very famous organic chemist, where he had a periodic table, "The Periodic Table According to Trost," which featured palladium in much the same way as carbon is depicted here. (Catalysts I use to do real chemistry.)

Loved "fake elements made up by commies" since the second heaviest of them is named for Tennessee. I never thought of Tennessee as a communist country. (106 is named for the great American Chemist, Glenn Seaborg.)

Investigation of Poverty at the Russell Sage Foundation

Alice Neel, Oil on Canvas, 1933.

On Loan to the Metropolitan Museum of Art NY, Alice Neel, People Come First, March 22 - August 1, 2021

Part of the Permanent Collection of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

President Carter is among roughly 350,000 "liquidators" involved in nuclear reactor "clean ups."

Of course, he had no involvement in Chernobyl, but in the early 1950s, fuel rods at the Chalk River Nuclear NRX Research Reactor in the Ottawa Valley region of Ontario partially melted. (December 1952). It was the first melt down of a nuclear reactor in history of which we know. The experience of the future President nonetheless is rather similar to the experience of the roughly 350,000 Soviet Military Personnel involved in the Chernobyl clean up; it involved short exposure to possibly intense radiation to move highly radioactive components of a failed reactor.

This Stanford under graduate student's term paper describes Carter's experience there: Carter at Chalk River

A CNN piece around the time of Fukushima, when Carter was 86 years old, directly quoted the former President on this experience: Jimmy Carter's exposure to nuclear danger

"We were fairly well instructed then on what nuclear power was, but for about six months after that I had radioactivity in my urine," President Carter, now 86, told me during an interview for my new book in Plains in 2008. "They let us get probably a thousand times more radiation than they would now. It was in the early stages and they didn't know."

Despite the fears he had to overcome, Carter admits he was animated at the opportunity to put his top-secret training to use in the cleanup of the reactor, located along the Ottawa River northwest of Ottawa.

"It was a very exciting time for me when the Chalk River plant melted down," he continued in the same interview. "I was one of the few people in the world who had clearance to go into a nuclear power plant," he said.

"There were 23 of us and I was in charge. I took my crew up there on the train..."

..."It was the early 1950s ... I had only seconds that I could be in the reactor myself. We all went out on the tennis court, and they had an exact duplicate of the reactor on the tennis court. We would run out there with our wrenches and we'd check off so many bolts and nuts and they'd put them back on.

And finally when we went down into the reactor itself, which was extremely radioactive, then we would dash in there as quickly as we could and take off as many bolts as we could, the same bolts we had just been practicing on. Each time our men managed to remove a bolt or fitting from the core, the equivalent piece was removed on the mock-up..."

(Later President Carter, while President, would walk through the Three Mile Island Reactor while the situation was, excuse the pun, fluid, much to the consternation of the Secret Service.).

I mention this as an indication of how difficult it is to ascertain the "true numbers" associated with the exposure to radioactivity at Chernobyl. President Carter is the oldest of four siblings, and is the only one of them who is still alive. The other three, Ruth Carter Stapleton, Gloria Carter, and "Billy" Carter all died, Ruth in her 50's, from the same disease, pancreatic cancer.

As an advocate of nuclear energy, I could point to this anecdotal evidence about President Carter and make the specious claim that being exposed to a nuclear meltdown, two in Carter's case, the big bogeyman at Three Mile Island included, is a potential way to protect people with a clear familial history of pancreatic cancer, for them to avoid dying from the disease. This of course would be exceedingly misleading, since we really don't know what effect, if any, his participation in the clean ups had on his pancreas cells. It might be that is other three siblings inherited a different set of genes from their parents than he did.

On the other hand, if President Carter were to die at the age of 100, a nuclear opponent could easily claim that he would have lived to 110 if he hadn't cleaned up Chalk River and toured Three Mile Island while its core was melting. Some of them are indeed this stupid.

This points out something about the complexity of your excellent question.

I personally very much doubt that the "death toll" - which involves considerable complexity to discern - associated with Chernobyl is "under 50." I would expect a higher figure, although the figure is nowhere near the figures I was trained to believe would result by stupid journalists, anti-nuke "activists," the curious fellows at the poorly named so called "Union of Concerned 'Scientists'" - an organization I joined at one point in my life without making any reference whatsoever to whether I was a journalist, someone who never passed a college level science course with a grade of C- or better, or whether I was a Nobel Laureate Physicist. No information was required to join; the only thing required was sending a check.

In fact, that the observed results of the accident, the serious study of which led me to leave the class of dumbass anti-nukes and join the class of nuclear energy advocates, played a huge role in my current opinions on the topic, since I compared lazy expectations based on general reading from weak sources, to observed reality from legitimate sources.

This topic is covered by vast scientific literature. I would refer to an excellent journalistic consideration of bias among anti-nukes and pro-nukes like myself, by Mary Mycio, a Ukrainian-American author who traveled to Chernobyl in the early years after the accident to flesh things out for herself: Wormwood Forest A Natural History of Chernobyl (2005) It's not all that technical, but as a social science document, I found it excellent, and on the part of nuclear advocates, I felt a bit chastised myself.

An excellent overview of the scientific consequences, including mortality, is found the "UNSCEAR report" put together by the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation." The tortured bureaucratic name of this committee suggests some level of irony. Here's a link to the 2008 report: Annex D, Health Effects Due to Radiation from the Chernobyl Accident. The list of references to the primary scientific literature starts on page 205 and ends on page 219 in relatively small print.

Of course, anti-nukes completely dismiss this report, since they apparently believe that Chernobyl wiped out Kiev and most of Eastern Europe, in fact, and parts of Scotland.

If it said that two million people died from Chernobyl - it doesn't - I of course, engage in "whataboutism" by noting that millions of people die in a continuous fashion from air pollution, which is also continuously dismissed by faith based anti-nukes in this (and other) space. A recent related post on the subject of Diablo Canyon I made on this site produced, as well I should expect, stupid accounts of the geological faults near the plant, pointing to an unrealized risk being elevated to the obvious effects of climate change in that State.

This is why Ms. Mycio's book is, in my view, a "must read" for anyone considering bias in this discussion.

It is clear to me, nonetheless, that whatever the risks of nuclear energy - and they are very real - these risks pale in comparison to the vast and observed risks of not using nuclear energy.

I could write for hours on the topic of radiation exposure, which has been included in my work over the last 30 years, and may at some point take the liberty of saying more in this space, or at least refer to my earlier writings on the topic, but the question is not, as the anecdotal evidence of President Carter's experience as a "liquidator" in the early 1950's suggests, simply answered.

Thanks for your excellent question. Stay tuned.

Where I Work: Chernobyl.

This news item came in my Nature Briefing Email this morning, in Nature's "Where I Work" Series in the news sections.


12 July 2021

Tracking Chernobyl’s effects on wildlife

Evolutionary ecologist Germán Orizaola Pereda analyses how species have been affected, 35 years after the world’s worst nuclear accident.

(Virginia Gewin, Nature 595, 464 (2021))

The accompanying picture:

It's probably open sourced, and it's brief. A few exceprts:

Thirty-five years after the explosion and meltdown at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine, I study how amphibians in the region have changed, physically and genetically. In 2016, I joined an international research team to do this; since then, I have obtained various grants to continue the work. Chernobyl is a phenomenal place to study rapid evolution. I typically spend two to three weeks in the forests during the frogs’ spring breeding season.

...When I work in the ‘exclusion zone’, the 4,700 square kilometres around the reactor, I stay in a hostel in Chernobyl (20 kilometres from the reactor site), where we have a field laboratory inside an abandoned building. The radiation in the exclusion zone is roughly 1,000 times lower than at the time of the accident, and there are now two hostels, a bar, a couple of restaurants and a cash machine. In this image, I’m running a blood analysis on one of the tree frogs we have collected. The contamination maps on the wall behind me show that some hotspots of radiation persist...

...Once expected to become a wasteland, the Chernobyl area is now a nature reserve. New species have arrived, including European bison (Bison bonasus) and the wild Przewalski’s horse (Equus ferus przewalskii). We’re beginning to monitor these horses, originally from the Asian steppes: the effects on their health could be a proxy for what happens when humans return. The first 31 horses were released here in 1998, 12 years after the disaster, and it is one of the few places where they continue to live freely.

Dr. Germán Orizaola Pereda's Google Scholar hits are few in number and are mostly in Spanish.

Here, however, is a very nice article in English:


It is open sourced, I think.

Subtitle: The response of living organisms to Chernobyl’s ionising radiation.

An excerpt from this much longer interesting report:

...One revealing case in the current situation of Chernobyl’s Exclusion Zone wildlife is that of Przewalski’s horses. These wild horses were not present at the time of the accident, but a herd of around 30 specimens was released in 1998–1999. The goal was that their feeding activities would control the forest expansion towards old cultivation lands. This population remains completely isolated within the Exclusion Zone, and they cannot reach any other horses of the same species coming from the outside. Nonetheless, 20 years after their introduction into Chernobyl, the population has increased fivefold and over 150 Przewalski’s horses now live in the Zone. Another example of the optimal condition of this population is its high reproduction rate, with 22 foals born in 2018...

I oppose recent discussions on reopening the exclusion zone to human habitation, although it is clear that some humans have defied the ban and moved into the exclusion zone.

Busbar Electricity Prices at the Tehachapi Wind Farm This Evening.

The "Busbar" price of electricity is the price paid more or less at the generation source where it connects to the grid. It is more or less equivalent to the Incoterm FOB.

The California ISO website has a map based report of pricing at all California Power plants. It is here: Real Time Electricity Pricing.

The Tehachapi "wind resources area" has a Wikipedia page, describing its size and capacity: Tehachapi Wind Resource Area

Here is some interesting text from that Wikipedia page:

It is the largest wind resource area in California, encompassing an area of approximately 800 sq mi (2,100 km2) and producing a combined 3,507 MW of renewable electricity between its 5 independent wind farms.

800 square miles...2,100 sq km, 3,507 MW. I accept these as "facts," but if someone would like to suggest, "alternate facts," feel free to do so.

On the pricing page linked, you have to move the cursor over the plant, whereupon pricing will pop-up at that plant. The five Tehachapi wind plants are located pretty much due East of Pismo Beach, near the town of Mohave. You can zoom in and out to isolate it using the + and - keys at the bottom of the map. The prices at power plants change with market flows and are tied to the load of the State of California. As of this writing, 19:30 PDT, 6:30 PM, the State of California is consuming 37,449 MW of electricity, down from the peak demand at 18:00 PDT (6:00 PM PDT) of 38,709 MW. As of 19:30 PDT, all of the wind facilities in the entire State of California, including but not limited to the Tehachapi wind resources area were producing 4,678 MW of power. At the low point today, which occurred at 12:10 PDT, (12:10 PM PDT), at which all of the wind facilities in the entire State of California, including but not limited to the Tehachapi wind resources area were producing 1,319 MW of power, or roughly 0.5 MW per square mile if we, without real justification, imagine that all of California's wind turbines were in the Tehachapi Wind Resource Area Industrial Park. Actually this stuff is spread over a much larger area of the State of California.

Here, by the way, is an aerial view of part of the marvelous wind plant:

Notice all those delicious service roads for diesel trucks. Delicious...

Some prices at the plants as of 17:40 PDT (6:40 PM):

ENCWND: $77.49/MWh.
North Wind $77.09/MWh
TOT162W4_7_N001 $77.51/MWh.
ALTAD2_7_N006 $77.94/MWh.
ARBWIND_6_N001 $77.73/MWh

The Diablo Canyon Nuclear Plant operates as a physical plant, on 12 acres, (0.018 sq miles or 0.049 sq km) on a plot of around 700 acres (1.1 sq miles or 2.2 sq km), most of which is undisturbed marine chaparral. The plant has been producing between 2261 MW (low) and 2267 MW (high) consistently and reliably all day long, as of 18:30 PDT, July 12, 2021. In other words, the land footprint of the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Plant is 0.1% that of the Tehachapi Wind Resources Area.

The Diablo Canyon Nuclear Plant is located on the California coast, just north of Pismo Beach, and South of Morro Bay.

As of 20:05, the plant's busbar operating cost was:

DIABLOCN_2_N001: $82.68/MWh

This by the way is a lower price than is being observed at the nearby Dangerous Natural gas plants nearby in Pismo Beach

CALLENDR_1_N001 $85.06/MWh.

OCEANO_1_N004 $85.04

...and slightly higher than the price at the Morro Bay dangerous natural gas plant, $82.45/MWh.

At 18:30 PDT (6:30 PM PDT), dangerous natural gas plants in California were producing 21,133 MW of power.

Note that electricity prices swing wildly during the day, depending on load and supply for all power plants. These prices apply to an early evening on a hot day.

Note that the prices observed at Diablo Canyon do not include, as the wind plants should but don't, the costs associated with the necessary back up plants. It doesn't matter at Diablo Canyon if the wind is blowing or the sun is shining. The Diablo Canyon, unlike the gas plants, is able to contain all of its by products, the very valuable used nuclear fuel, on site, in contrast to the dangerous natural gas plants, which are allowed to dump the dangerous fossil fuel waste carbon dioxide directly into the planetary atmosphere at no cost, except for the cost to all future generations and all living things as a result of extreme climate change.

The State of California is now tragically experiencing more wild fires, as it has done in several recent years with increasing regularity. To my mind this is a function of the fact that the half of century of jaw boning about how wind and solar energy would save the world didn't work, isn't working and won't work, if the goal is to address climate change.

If, on the other hand, the goal is to lace the desert with access roads, the "renewable energy" industry in California is doing just great.

Because of appeals to fear and ignorance and wishful thinking, the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Plant will begin closing in 2024, and will stop producing climate change gas free electricity for the California grid.

Have a nice day tomorrow.

My Funny Valentine

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