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Behind the Aegis

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LGBTQ History: Were Gay Concentration Camp Prisoners 'Put Back in Prison' After World War II?

At the end of the war, when the concentration camps were finally liberated, virtually all of the prisoners were released except those who wore the pink triangle. Many of those with a pink triangle on their pocket were put back in prison and their nightmare continued.

Both claims made in the post are accurate, according to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:

Between 1933 and 1945, an estimated 100,000 men were arrested for violating Nazi Germany’s law against homosexuality, and of these, approximately 50,000 were sentenced to prison. An estimated 5,000 to 15,000 men were sent to concentration camps on similar charges, where an unknown number of them perished.

The men arrested for being gay were targeted under a revised version of a 19th century statute, Paragraph 175, which was expanded to categorize homosexuality as a crime of “indecency.” But even though the U.S. and their allies defeated the Nazi regime, the law remained in effect after World War II, as the Holocaust Memorial museum’s exhibit on the regime’s anti-gay persecution states:

As the Allies swept through Europe to victory over the Nazi regime in early 1945, hundreds of thousands of concentration camp prisoners were liberated. The Allied Military Government of Germany repealed countless laws and decrees. Left unchanged, however, was the 1935 Nazi revision of Paragraph 175. Under the Allied occupation, some homosexuals were forced to serve out their terms of imprisonment regardless of time served in the concentration camps. The Nazi version of Paragraph 175 remained on the books of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) until the law was revised in 1969 to decriminalize homosexual relations between men over the age of 21.

Paragraph 175 was not repealed in full, however, until 1994. On 22 March 2017, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and her cabinet approved a bill that overturned convictions for gay men which had carried out under Paragraph 175 between 1949 and 1969 and also provided compensation for surviving victims.



Posted by Behind the Aegis | Fri Oct 12, 2018, 04:06 PM (3 replies)

Two decades after Matthew Shepard's death, LGBTQ community still battles hate violence

Twenty years ago, gay University of Wyoming student Matthew Shepard died after being brutally beaten on the outskirts of Laramie, Wyoming. His mother, Judy Shepard, has never stopped missing him.

“I miss talking to him, arguing with him — his big, bright smile, his great hugs,” Judy Shepard told NBC News.

Six days before his death, Matthew Shepard's assailants — Aaron McKinney and Russell Henderson — picked him up at a bar, drove him to the edge of town, tied him to a fence and brutally beat him. Eighteen hours later, a passerby discovered Shepard barely alive. He was taken to a Colorado hospital where he later died on October 12. Russell and McKinney were sentenced to life in prison.

The homophobic attack of Matthew Shepard was a watershed moment for LGBTQ activism. Advocates staged protests and candle light vigils across the U.S. Activists were especially enraged that McKinney, who alleged Shepard made sexual advances toward him, claimed “gay panic” in his defense — a defense that is still legal in most states.


Visit: The Matthew Shepard Foundation

Required to move it from LBN.


Gay Man Dies From Attack, Fanning Outrage and Debate

Matthew Shepard, the gay college student who was kidnapped, robbed and pistol-whipped, died here today, five days after he was rescued from a Wyoming ranch where he had been left tied to a fence for 18 hours in near-freezing temperatures.

His death, announced at the Poudre Valley Hospital here, fanned the outrage that followed word of the attack, spawning vigils, producing calls for Federal hate-crimes legislation from President Clinton and fueling debates over such laws in a host of Western states, including Wyoming, that have resisted them.

In places from Denver to the University of Maryland, people turned out to mourn the soft-spoken 21-year-old who became an overnight symbol of deadly violence against gay people after he was found dangling from the fence by a passerby.

Russell A. Henderson, 21, and Aaron J. McKinney, 22, were charged with attempted murder and are expected to face first-degree murder charges that could bring the death penalty. Their girlfriends, Chasity V. Pasley, 20, and Kristen L. Price, 18, were charged as accessories.

more from THE NY TIMES archive
Posted by Behind the Aegis | Fri Oct 12, 2018, 03:46 PM (1 replies)

LGBTQ History Month: Homo Nest Raided, Queen Bees Are Stinging Mad

Reprinted from "The New York Daily News," July 6, 1969


She sat there with her legs crossed, the lashes of her mascara-coated eyes beating like the wings of a hummingbird. She was angry. She was so upset she hadn't bothered to shave. A day old stubble was beginning to push through the pancake makeup. She was a he. A queen of Christopher Street.

Last weekend the queens had turned commandos and stood bra strap to bra strap against an invasion of the helmeted Tactical Patrol Force. The elite police squad had shut down one of their private gay clubs, the Stonewall Inn at 57 Christopher St., in the heart of a three-block homosexual community in Greenwich Village. Queen Power reared its bleached blonde head in revolt. New York City experienced its first homosexual riot."We may have lost the battle, sweets, but the war is far from over," lisped an unofficial lady-in-waiting from the court of the Queens.

"We've had all we can take from the Gestapo," the spokesman, or spokeswoman, continued. "We're putting our foot down once and for all. "The foot wore a spiked heel. According to reports, the Stonewall Inn, a two-story structure with a sand pained brick and opaque glass façade, was a mecca for the homosexual element in the village who wanted nothing but a private little place where they could congregate, drink, dance and do whatever little girls do when they get together.

The thick glass shut out the outside world of the street. Inside, the Stonewall bathed in wild, bright psychedelic lights, while the patrons writhed to the sounds of a juke box on a square dance floor surrounded by booths and table. The bar did a good business and the waiters, or waitresses, were always kept busy, as they snaked their way around the dancing customers to the booths and tables. For nearly two years, peace and tranquility reigned supreme for the Alice in Wonderland clientele.


Sure, this isn't "new", but this is a part of LGBTQ history, a history, sadly, even many GLBTQ people are unaware. Though there had been riots before, the Compton's Cafeteria riot being the most notable, it was the one at Stonewall which finally set the modern movement for GLBT equality into motion.

GLBTQ people are important. Our lives and rights matter. So does our history matter!

October is GLBTQ History Month. Expect more of these!
Posted by Behind the Aegis | Mon Oct 8, 2018, 01:04 PM (3 replies)

20 years have passed: Matthew Shepard

20 years ago, Matthew Shepard was murdered: A letter from Laramie, 1998

The Crucifixion of Matthew Shepard

20 years later: How Matthew Shepard became America's window into hate

It took 18 hours.

After Matthew Shepard’s killers drove him to a quiet development on the eastern edge of Laramie, Wyoming, repeatedly struck him with a .357 Magnum pistol, robbed him and left him to die, it took 18 hours for someone to find him.

Details from that Oct. 7, 1998, discovery would sear themselves into memories across the globe.

How at first a mountain biker, Aaron Kreifels, thought Matthew’s limp, battered form was a scarecrow — until he noticed tufts of his hair.

How Matthew’s head and torso were so caked in dried blood that every inch was covered except for two strips under his eyes — tracks left by his tears.

...more at above link

Posted by Behind the Aegis | Sun Oct 7, 2018, 03:50 PM (26 replies)

Cross-posted: Tulsa Race Massacre VR Experience 'Greenwood Avenue' Crowdfunding Through Seed & Spark

With the 100th anniversary of the Tulsa Race Massacre approaching, one team wants to bring the history behind the horrific event to life again through Greenwood Avenue: A Virtual Reality Experience. The project is currently holding a Seed & Spark campaign through September; it's currently 31 percent funded, raising $4,696 of the $15,000 it hopes to gain for post-production.

The project will take viewers through the two days in which 300 black people were killed in Tulsa, OK by white rioters who were inspired by Birth of a Nation. As the logline states:

"Greenwood Avenue is a groundbreaking, emotional exploration into the lives of the African-Americans living in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1921, during the era of Black Wall Street, the second rise of the KKK, and the Tulsa Race Massacre in 1921, told through the eyes of an elderly Black female protagonist named Agnes Bess."

"We want to give folks a taste of what it was like living in the 1920's as a person of color," wrote the team in a statement in the press release. "Lynching was on the rise but folks felt safe living in Northern Tulsa. It was a place to grow a family and build a business. We want people to experience it firsthand."



One of my former students (and my friend), an OSU alum, is the producer. They are creating a different medium to educate people about the Black Wall Street Massacre on its 100th anniversary. There is a link in the article if you are so inclined to donate, but if you could get the word out about this project, I'd be most appreciative, as would they.
Posted by Behind the Aegis | Wed Oct 3, 2018, 12:32 AM (2 replies)

Grave Robbers, Nazi Collaborators and Official Apathy: How Ukraine Is Erasing the Holocaust

Thanks to the Ukrainian government, and the lack of interest from the global Jewish community, the physical remains of Holocaust victims are now being desecrated on a regular basis - and their memory quickly erased from history.

This July, I travelled with a 30 member group from our synagogue to the Sosinski Forest outside of Rivne, Ukraine.

Between November 5-6, 1941, all the Jews of Rivne, more than 17,000, were taken to the Sosinski Forest and killed by Nazi firing squads. We traveled to Sosinski to honor their memory.

As we arrived at the site we looked down and saw large gaping holes. We saw bones scattered all over the earth. My son looked up at me and said, "What is this?" He was holding a skull.

What was supposed to be a protected memorial site had been raided the day before by gravediggers, who, according to Ukrainian police, were looking for gold. We looked down at our feet and picked up skull fragments, a full set of teeth, a vertebral body, and other bones and buried them in a Jewish funeral.

Posted by Behind the Aegis | Tue Sep 18, 2018, 04:54 PM (3 replies)

Kavanaugh's Answers About the Obergefell Same-Sex Marriage Case and Discrimination Are Disturbing

Judge Brett Kavanaugh is refusing to say if he agrees the historic 2015 Obergefell Supreme Court ruling finding same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marriage was correctly decided. He also is refusing to say if he thinks the days of discriminating against LGBT people are over.

Late Thursday during his Judiciary Committee confirmation hearing (video below) the Trump nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court faced one of his greatest opponents, Democratic Senator Kamala Harris. Harris, her state's former Attorney General for six years, and the District Attorney of San Francisco for seven years prior, is possibly one of the most precise questioners any modern-day Supreme Court nominee has ever faced.

"My question is, was the Obergefell case correctly decided, in your opinion," Sen. Harris asked.

Judge Kavanaugh, clearly prepared for the question – and for ways to not answer it – found a multitude of ways around it. As several watching the hearing noted, he instead "mansplained" to the accomplished California Senator.


When all was said and done, Kavanaugh refused to answer.


When all is said, and done, it will be THIS case which will likely be one of the first to go. The rights of the LGBT community hang in the balance, and frankly, IMO, many people don't seem to be all that concerned.
Posted by Behind the Aegis | Tue Sep 11, 2018, 04:46 PM (13 replies)

'Jewtropolis': antisemitic hack hits map used by Snapchat and Citi Bike

On Thursday morning, some users of the maps functionality on Snapchat were shocked to see New York labelled “Jewtropolis”. Users of the bike-rental scheme Citi Bike, the real estate website StreetEasy and the Weather Channel website saw the same thing.

No one at any of those companies appears to be responsible. Instead the blame lies with Mapbox, a third-party company that provides maps for online brands. Mapbox relies partly on user-provided data, and while there are supposed to be checks in place to prevent abuse of the system, it seems a prankster had managed to get through them and give New York a new antisemitic moniker, albeit one that was changed within an hour once moderators had spotted it.

In a statement, Snap, the parent company of Snapchat, said the defacement was “deeply offensive”. Mapbox called it “malicious hate speech” and a “disgusting attack” and said they were reviewing how it could have happened. Yet this is far from the first shot to be fired in the war of the maps apps.

You could be forgiven for thinking that online maps are one of the least controversial parts of the internet. Yes, social media may be rife with abuse, bullying and fake news, but apps like Google Maps and Waze appear to be objective, useful services.

Posted by Behind the Aegis | Sat Sep 1, 2018, 02:58 PM (3 replies)

League of the South Blames 'Mentally-Ill Young Jews With Guns' For Jacksonville Shooting

League of the South co-founder and president Michael Hill posted a statement on the organization’s website today blaming “mentally-ill young Jews with guns” for yesterday’s shooting at a video game tournament in Jacksonville, Florida.

A gunman killed two and injured 11 at a “Madden” football video game tournament yesterday before fatally shooting himself. When the gunman was identified as David Katz, 24, of Baltimore, white nationalists latched on to Katz’ last name as an indication that he practiced Judaism and that the shooting was further justification for their anti-Semitic conspiracy theories.

Mike “Enoch” Peinovich, the founder of the alt-right podcast network The Right Stuff, wrote that the shooting was “a small scale version of Israel’s Samson option.”

Failed anti-Semitic and white nationalist House candidate Paul Nehlen also engaged in rampant anti-Semitism after the shooting, accusing Jews of being over-representing in mass shootings.


Can't say I am surprised. Happens every fucking time, and just as predictable, it is ignored.
Posted by Behind the Aegis | Tue Aug 28, 2018, 01:00 PM (9 replies)

Self-proclaimed Holocaust revisionist running for Hilton Head mayor

A self-proclaimed Holocaust revisionist is planning a run for mayor of Hilton Head, South Carolina, but says his beliefs will not impact his local anti-development platform.

Michael Santomauro, 59, filed papers to enter the race on Monday, according to the Island Packet.

Santomauro, who founded a roommate-matching service, made headlines in New York City in 2003 when subscribers to his service received a stream of emails spreading his beliefs denying historical accounts of the Holocaust.

In 2004, protesters surrounded his home and chanted “evict the Nazi.” He told the New York Post then that the Nazi label is “totally inaccurate.” He told the Island Packet this week that the protesters were “part of a domestic terrorism group.”

In 2011, Santomauro urged his child’s school on Manhattan’s Upper East Side to acquire the book “Debating the Holocaust: A New Look at Both Sides.” The book collects essays denying key aspects of Holocaust history, including the death toll, the accounts of survivors, the physical evidence found at death camps and the feasibility of the methods the Nazis used to carry out mass murder. Santomauro runs American operations for a publisher of e-books dedicated to Holocaust denial.

Posted by Behind the Aegis | Mon Aug 13, 2018, 04:02 PM (1 replies)
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