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Sherman A1

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Member since: Sat May 13, 2006, 07:37 AM
Number of posts: 29,552

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July 2, 1917 East St. Louis Riot

The East St. Louis Riot (May and July 1917) was an outbreak of labor- and race-related violence that caused between 40 and 200 deaths and extensive property damage. East St. Louis, Illinois, is an industrial city on the east bank of the Mississippi River across from St. Louis, Missouri. It was the worst incidence of labor-related violence in 20th-century American history,[1] and one of the worst race riots in U.S. history. The local Chamber of Commerce called for the resignation of the police chief. At the end of the month, ten thousand people marched in silent protest in New York City over the riots.

In 1917 the United States had an active economy boosted by World War I. With many would-be workers absent for active service in the war, industries were in need of labor. Seeking better work and living opportunities, as well as an escape from harsh conditions, the Great Migration out of the South toward industrial centers across the northern and midwestern United States was well underway. For example, blacks were arriving in St. Louis during Spring 1917 at the rate of 2,000 per week.[2] When industries became embroiled in labor strikes, traditionally white unions sought to strengthen their bargaining position by hindering or excluding black workers, while industry owners utilizing blacks as replacements or strikebreakers added to the deep existing societal divisions.[3]

Marcus Garvey while in New Orleans on lecture tour became aware that Louisiana farmers and the Board of Trade, worried about losing their labor force, had requested East St. Louis Mayor Mollman's assistance during his New Orleans visit that same week to help discourage black migration.[citation needed]

With many African Americans finding work at the Aluminum Ore Company and the American Steel Company in East St. Louis, some whites feared job and wage security due to this new competition; they further resented newcomers arriving from a rural and very different culture. Tensions between the groups escalated, including rumors of black men and white women fraternizing at a labor meeting on May 28.[4][5]


July 2: National Anisette Day

Anisette is an anise-flavored liqueur that is consumed mainly in Spain, Italy, Portugal, and France. It is colorless and, unlike some other anise-based liqueurs, contains no licorice.[1] It is sweeter than most anise-flavoured liqueurs.

True anisette is produced by means of distilling aniseed.[2] Pastis, a similar-tasting liqueur, is made by maceration, using a combination of aniseed and licorice.

The liqueur has a powerful flavour when drunk straight, and can even produce irritation to the throat if not taken slowly due to its high alcoholic content. In mixed drinks, however, it produces a sweet agreeable flavour. It is often mixed simply with water, where it produces a milky white consistency. That mixture is called in Spanish speaking countries “palomita”. All the liqueur has to be dropped into very cold water at the same moment. Pouring it from a bottle even quickly does not produce the same result. A very white liquid denotes that a good anisette has been used. A “palomita” with just a drop of anisette can be drunk as a refreshing drink.

The sugar is added in as a syrup. Marie Brizard is a well-known producer of Bordeaux-style anisette. Anís del Mono is a Spanish brand. Sambuca is Italy's version of anisette. Pastis, commonly drunk in France, is flavored with both anise and liquorice.[3]


St. Louis - MetroLink, buses running on time today

Metro's buses and light-rail trains were running on normal timetables today despite fears that labor strife would interrupt service on the region's largest transit system.

Leaders of the Amalgamated Transit Union Local 788 promised last week that operators, mechanics and clerical staff would not walk off the job early this week. The union has authorized a strike.

Metro and the Amalgamated Transit Union are meeting with an arbitrator. Metro wants to make changes to retirement benefits for new hires. The union objects to the changes and has also expressed concern about salary and medical benefits.

Metro President John Nations said there was a slight uptick in absences among MetroLink operators this morning. While there might be one or two absences under normal conditions, five operators called in with absences. Metro supervisors filled in for the absent operators.


July 1: National Gingersnap Day

Pittsburgh Apprentices Rescue Seniors from Major Blaze

Pittsburgh Local 5 members are being credited with saving dozens of local senior citizens from a fire that tore through a nursing home June 25.

Community College of Allegheny County instructor Tammy Miller was teaching a class of 24 IBEW members when some of the students spotted trouble at the senior living facility next door.

“We were on break and some of students were standing outside when they noticed smoke coming from the neighboring building,” Miller said. “I then said ‘oh my God, that’s a nursing home’ and they made off like a swarm of bees for the building.”

The fire had started on the roof, so no alarms or sprinklers were set off. Most of the residents were not even aware there was a fire.


June 29, 1776 Mission San Francisco de Asís is established

Mission San Francisco de Asís, or Mission Dolores, is the oldest surviving structure in San Francisco and the sixth religious settlement established as part of the California chain of missions. The Mission was founded on June 29, 1776, by Lieutenant José Joaquin Moraga and Father Francisco Palóu (a companion of Father Junipero Serra), both members of the de Anza Expedition, which had been charged with bringing Spanish settlers to Alta (upper) California, and evangelizing the local Natives, the Ohlone.


June 29, 1956 The Federal Aid Highway Act is Signed into law

The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act (Public Law 84-627), was enacted on June 29, 1956, when Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into law. With an original authorization of 25 billion dollars for the construction of 41,000 miles (66,000 km) of the Interstate Highway System supposedly over a 10-year period, it was the largest public works project in American history through that time.[1]

The money for the Interstate Highway and Defense Highways was handled in a Highway Trust Fund that paid for 90 percent of highway construction costs with the states required to pay the remaining 10 percent. It was expected that the money would be generated through new taxes on fuel, automobiles, trucks, and tires. As a matter of practice, the Federal portion of the cost of the Interstate Highway System has been paid for by taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel.


June 29, 1776 Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet (Cape May County) takes place.

The Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet (June 29, 1776) was an important, early naval victory for the Continental Navy and the future "Father of the American Navy", Captain John Barry.[3] It was the first privateer battle of the American Revolutionary War.[1] The battle resulted in the first American casualty of the war in New Jersey, Lieutenant Richard Wickes, brother of Captain Lambert Wickes.[4][5] It was the only revolutionary war battle fought in Cape May County.


June 29: National Almond Buttercrunch Day

East Wing Of St. Louis Art Museum Opens This Weekend

ST. LOUIS, MO (KTVI)– The much anticipated east wing of the St. Louis Art Museum opens Saturday. Work on the 200,000 square foot expansion began in 2010 and was designed by award winning British architect David Chipperfield.

The very modern building features a dark polished concrete facade, floor to ceiling windows and skylights in the galleries. It’s a stark contrast to the main building built in 1904 for the World’s Fair.

“An architectural building which is completely of the moment and plays very nicely with the main building,” says museum’s Contemporary Art Curator Simon Kelly.

The east building will house all of the museum’s contemporary art and its temporary exhibitions. It will allow the museum to showcase its vast modern collection, displaying artwork that hasn’t been seen in more than a decade.

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