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Member since: Thu Sep 25, 2008, 03:38 PM
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USDA/FSIS Standards for Beef: A Sampling of the Array of "Meat Products" Available in the USA....

After seeing a story regarding Jamie Oliver, his campaign to make people aware of the use of so-called "pink slime" in beef products and McDonald's, it seemed appropriate to look up one of these processing factories to find what their "meat products" are actually called. Here is a product description page from a randomly selected processor, HRR Enterprises, INC.:


HRR specializes in producing several unique protein products including, but not limited to, Finely Textured Beef (FTB), Lean Finely Textured Beef (LFTB), Premium Black Angus Finely Textured Beef (PBAFTB), Angus Finely Textured Beef (AFTB), Beef Trimmings, Finely Textured (BTFT) and Partially Defatted Chopped Beef (PDCB). These proteins are "all beef" quality meat products that are used as an economical replacement for a portion of lean boneless beef in most product formulations. These products provide economic and competitive advantages without reducing the quality, appearance or flavor of the finished product.

FTB, LFTB, PBAFTB, AFTB and BTFT are high quality lean beef products, considered beef by USDA/FSIS standards. All are manufactured from only the freshest USDA inspected raw material under a HACCP system and are in the form of small chips which have been Instantly Quick Frozen (IQF). Color and texture are excellent. These products are commonly used in the meat industry by wholesalers and retailers as a 94% lean beef ingredient during formulation to achieve a formula specific lean requirement. They will give you economic and competitive advantages during formulation. There are many uses for these products: they are commonly used in frozen hamburger patties, can be added to ground beef without "patty" labeling restrictions, Salisbury steak, beef steaks, meat loaf, meat balls, meat toppings for Italian foods, meat fillings for Oriental foods, retail frozen items, chili, meat fillings for tacos, burritos, enchiladas, tamales and other Mexican food, breaded beef items, sausage, corn beef hash and a variety of canned goods.

As a 90% lean beef ingredient (+or-2%), PDCB, is also used as a replacement in part for lean boneless beef. This product is manufactured with USDA/FSIS inspected raw material and under USDA/FSIS supervision. This beef product is commonly used in the same categories as the FTB, PBAFTB, AFTB and BTFT including, meat fillings for Mexican food items and Italian foods like pizza toppings, ravioli, spaghetti, chili meat, corn beef hash, beef patties, etc.

HRR also produces Edible Beef Tallow which is sold under AFOA trading rules. HRR's beef tallow is used in the manufacturing of many products, including but not limited to: shortening, cooking oil, soup, soaps, pet food, cosmetics and livestock rations.


It is also interesting to see this company's homepage as it has a changing image that illustrates the extent of use of the above "meat products": http://www.hrrenterprises.com/index.html.

Bon appétit!


Education is critical for a democratic society.

This country needs to stop seeing education as a matter of a personal investment. It is not. Education is an investment in the country's future: for example, with an adequately educated populace, there would be no policy debate on whether global climate change is real.

This country needs to adopt a policy that allows all to go to school up through the Ph.D. level at virtually no cost.

This is the sort of competition that this country faces:

The iEconomy
How the U.S. Lost Out on iPhone Work
Published: January 21, 2012
Another critical advantage for Apple was that China provided engineers at a scale the United States could not match. Apple’s executives had estimated that about 8,700 industrial engineers were needed to oversee and guide the 200,000 assembly-line workers eventually involved in manufacturing iPhones. The company’s analysts had forecast it would take as long as nine months to find that many qualified engineers in the United States.

In China, it took 15 days.

Companies like Apple “say the challenge in setting up U.S. plants is finding a technical work force,” said Martin Schmidt, associate provost at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In particular, companies say they need engineers with more than high school, but not necessarily a bachelor’s degree. Americans at that skill level are hard to find, executives contend. “They’re good jobs, but the country doesn’t have enough to feed the demand,” Mr. Schmidt said.

Elaboration On Edit:

Work-study is a time drain. It takes away from study time. If a person is committed to his or her field of study, that is all that one is in school to do. The fundamental point is that education needs to be funded so that students can get in to universities, apply themselves fully to their various fields of study, get their degrees at whatever level they can accomplish, and get out without the burden of debt. Innovation seldom occurs without freedom, and debt is the antithesis of freedom.

It is possible to provide stipends that cover the cost of living to students: Germany, for example, provides money to students while they are in school to defray the cost of living. Their system while not totally free of loans (http://www.bmbf.de/en/892.php) would seem to provide an excellent example of what can be achieved, but, for whatever reason, our policies are continually misdirected. Unless someone in power (say...a president...maybe) has the vision to articulate and fight for a better policy, there will be no meaningful change. Sadly, the policy of calling for more work-study is not that far distant in spirit from turning teenage students into janitors.

Here is an interesting rap anthem that has been around for a while and is worth listening to....

An Amnesty International USA Web Log Post Regarding the NDAA....

Can US Citizens Now be Detained Indefinitely?
Tom Parker, January 5, 2012 at 12:31 PM

There has been a great deal of confusion over whether the indefinite detention provisions in the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) apply to US citizens or not – the simple answer is that it is too early to tell.

The NDAA provisions greatly strengthen a framework for detaining suspected members of Al Qaeda or its affiliates that is derived from the law of armed conflict. Under the law of armed conflict belligerents can be detained until the conflict ends or until they no longer pose a threat.

The NDAA drafters draw a clear distinction between US citizens and non-US citizens which is itself problematic since equality before the law is one of the most fundamental principles of justice and a core human right.

The NDAA “requires” that non-US citizens be treated as enemy combatants rather than as criminal suspects unless the President issues a waiver in the interests of national security.



Glenn Greenwald and Noam Chomsky at the Brattle Theatre, Part 1

This video is from:

Glenn Greenwald discusses

With Liberty and Justice for Some:
How the Law is Used to Destroy Equality and Protect the Powerful

in conversation with NOAM CHOMSKY

October 29, 2011
1:00 PM

Brattle Theatre
40 Brattle St.
Cambridge, MA 02138

The other parts, if any, do not seem to be on YouTube yet.
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