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Miigwech

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Member since: Thu Mar 27, 2014, 11:40 PM
Number of posts: 3,011

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Tuskegee Experiment: The Infamous Syphilis Study

Oh, the goddamn racism of this nation can hardly be comprehended.

Updated:
Jul 29, 2019
Original:
May 16, 2017

Tuskegee Experiment: The Infamous Syphilis Study
Known officially as the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male, the study began at a time when there was no known treatment for the disease.


The Tuskegee experiment began in 1932, at at a time when there was no known treatment for syphilis. After being recruited by the promise of free medical care, 600 men originally were enrolled in the project.

The participants were primarily sharecroppers, and many had never before visited a doctor. Doctors from the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS), which was running the study, informed the participants—399 men with latent syphilis and a control group of 201 others who were free of the disease—they were being treated for bad blood, a term commonly used in the area at the time to refer to a variety of ailments.


The men were monitored by health workers but only given placebos such as aspirin and mineral supplements, despite the fact penicillin became the recommended treatment for syphilis in 1947. PHS researchers convinced local physicians in Macon County not to treat the participants, and research was done at the Tuskegee Institute. (Now called Tuskegee University, the school was founded in 1881 with Booker T. Washington at its first teacher.)

In order to track the disease’s full progression, researchers provided no effective care as the men died, went blind or insane or experienced other severe health problems due to their untreated syphilis.

In the mid-1960s, a PHS venereal disease investigator in San Francisco named Peter Buxton found out about the Tuskegee study and expressed his concerns to his superiors that it was unethical. In response, PHS officials formed a committee to review the study but ultimately opted to continue it, with the goal of tracking the participants until all had died, autopsies were performed and the project data could be analyzed.

As a result, Buxton leaked the story to a reporter friend, who passed it on to a fellow reporter, Jean Heller of the Associated Press. Heller broke the story in July 1972, prompting public outrage and forcing the study to shut down.

By that time, 28 participants had perished from syphilis, 100 more had passed away from related complications, at least 40 spouses had been diagnosed with it and the disease had been passed to 19 children at birth.
A participant in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.

A participant in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.

(Credit: National Archives)

In 1973, Congress held hearings on the Tuskegee experiments, and the following year the study’s surviving participants, along with the heirs of those who died, received a $10 million out-of-court settlement. Additionally, new guidelines were issued to protect human subjects in U.S. government-funded research projects.

(In 1947, the Nuremberg Code was established in response to Nazi physicians forcibly performing gruesome experiments on prisoners in concentration camps during World War II. The document set forth basic ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, such as the requirement that a person must give informed consent before participating in an experiment.)

As a result of the Tuskegee experiment, many African Americans developed a lingering, deep mistrust of public health officials. In part to foster racial healing, President Clinton issued a 1997 apology, stating, “The United States government did something that was wrong—deeply, profoundly, morally wrong… It is not only in remembering that shameful past that we can make amends and repair our nation, but it is in remembering that past that we can build a better present and a better future.”

During his apology, the president announced plans for the establishment of Tuskegee University’s National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care.

The final study participant passed away in 2004.
Herman Shaw speaks as President Bill Clinton looks on during ceremonies at the White House on May 16, 1997, during which Clinton apologized to the survivors and families of the victims of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.

Herman Shaw speaks as President Bill Clinton looks on during ceremonies at the White House on May 16, 1997, during which Clinton apologized to the survivors and families of the victims of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.



https://www.history.com/news/the-infamous-40-year-tuskegee-study

"Idiots, I shoot better than you."

History is there for the lessons. No one wants to descend into the past, returning to places of horror created by men of evil ... well except maybe trump. But, as history teaches us he will never win in the end.

Meet the Dutch girls who seduced Nazis — and lured them to their deaths



When she came across a Nazi killing an infant by repeatedly swinging its tiny body against a brick wall, Truus Oversteegen didn’t flinch.

The freckle-faced teenager, who was just three months shy of her 17th birthday when Germany invaded the Netherlands in May 1940, was a newly minted member of the Dutch resistance. She had been mostly assigned to hide Jewish children, political dissidents and homosexuals in various safe houses throughout Haarlem, her hometown, which was about 12 miles west of Amsterdam.

But what she saw now forced her to act with a sudden, brutal energy.

“He grabbed the baby and hit it against the wall,” Truus recalled years later of the horrifying scene. “The father and sister had to watch. They were obviously hysterical. The child was dead.”

Truus quietly pointed her gun in the direction of the Nazi and shot him dead.

“That wasn’t an assignment,” she said. “But I don’t regret it . . . We were dealing with cancerous tumors in our society that you had to cut out like a surgeon.”

Truus, her younger sister, Freddie, and law student Hannie Schaft were among a handful of young women who took on clandestine roles to destabilize Nazis during the Second World War. While women’s resistance work was largely confined to spying, code-breaking and typing, few actively dared to take on the work of the Dutch trio — as underground assassins.

That’s the theme of the recently published “Seducing and Killing Nazis: Hannie, Truus and Freddie: Dutch Resistance Heroines of World War II” (SWW Press), which documents the exploits of the three young Dutch resistance fighters whose dangerous work set them apart.

“These women never saw themselves as heroines,” writes the book’s author Sophie Poldermans, who is also a human-rights activist in the Netherlands. “They were extremely dedicated and believed they had no other option but to join the resistance. They never regretted what they did during the war.”

Although their roles in the underground were at first confined to stealing Dutch identity documents to help persecuted Jews, the girls quickly graduated to more ruthless duties .....

Before their deaths, the sisters told Poldermans that Hannie was defiant until the end, and they liked to repeat the story of her execution — which has become the stuff of legend in the Netherlands, based on several police reports and witness statements.

When the first bullet missed its mark, Hannie fixed the soldiers sent to kill her with a steady gaze.
“Idiots,” she said. “I shoot better than you.”


https://nypost.com/2019/12/14/meet-the-dutch-girls-who-seduced-nazis-and-lured-them-to-their-deaths/

Seen plenty trump/maxwell/melania/epstein pics but perhaps

some one with the skill to do so could catalog them in one place for the world to see. There must be dozens. trump can't say then that he only met them a couple of times in Palm Beach, as he lies about. Include the videos too, and then the fact that epstein bragged about introduced melania to trump. Paint trump and melania in maxwell.

Our country is going through massive shifts due to COVID-19

About a fifth of U.S. adults moved due to COVID-19 or know someone who did
Millions of Americans relocated this year because of the COVID-19 outbreak, moving out of college dorms that abruptly closed, communities they perceive as unsafe or housing they can no longer afford. Overall, around one-in-five U.S. adults (22%) say they either changed their residence due to the pandemic or know someone who did, according to a new Pew Research Center survey.

Among those surveyed in early June, 3% say they themselves moved permanently or temporarily due to the coronavirus pandemic, and 6% say someone moved into their household because of it. (Some had more than one of these things happen.) An additional 14% of those who did not personally experience relocation say they know someone else who moved.

Experiences with coronavirus-related relocations vary by demographic characteristics. The age group most likely to have had at least one of these things happen to them are the nation’s young adults: Overall, 37% of those ages 18 to 29 say they moved, someone moved into their home or they know someone who moved because of the outbreak. By race and ethnicity, 28% of Hispanics have had one of these experiences, compared with 20% of white adults, 19% of Black adults and 24% of Asian Americans.


https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/07/06/about-a-fifth-of-u-s-adults-moved-due-to-covid-19-or-know-someone-who-did/

My question: how much of the country will the GOP

allow trump to destroy before Biden takes over in Jan. 2021? trump now knows he might be losing but when he finally learns that he is gonna lose, then it will be totally up to mitch and his flock of bastard traitors to stop trump. Will they? trump will sign the "Nero Decree" just like his idol, adolf? trump can't blow up our infrastructure but he will blow up everything else that he can. He is a clear danger to our National Security. He is stoking violence that can only grow in scope as he remains in office.

Sealing the Third Reich's Downfall: Adolf Hitler's "Nero Decree"

On March 19, Hitler then promulgated a special decree titled “Destructive Measures on Reich Territory.” Otherwise remembered as the “Scorched Earth Decree” or “Nero Decree,” for the brutal Roman Emperor Nero (ruled 54-68 C.E.), the order mandated the destruction of Germany’s infrastructure.


https://www.nationalww2museum.org/war/articles/sealing-third-reichs-downfall-adolf-hitlers-nero-decree

COVID-19, The Villages, FL, pro trump town finding out

The folks riding around golf carts, festooned with every red white and blue colors and sizes of American flag (that proves patriotism, don't cha know?), yelling "white power," well, the hoax is knocking on your front door.

The Villages records increase of 23 COVID-19 cases in 24 hours
The Villages is now reporting 217 COVID-19 cases – an increase of 23 in 24 hours. The vast majority – 201 – have been reported in the Sumter County portion of the mega-retirement community. Fourteen also have been identified in Lake County and two are in the Marion County section of the sprawling retirement mecca.

The Coronavirus also is continuing to hit long-term care facilities in The Villages. Serenades at The Villages, located at 2450 Parr Dr., is reporting six cases among two residents, two residents who transferred out of the facility and two employees. Chatham Glen Healthcare and Rehabilitation Center, located at 16605 74th Soulliere Ave., is reporting an employee with a positive test result. Those are among the 10,338 cases that have been reported at 1,203 long-term care facilities across Florida, which break down as 2,620 residents, 3,173 residents who transferred out and 4,545 staff members.

Thirty new COVID-19 cases also have been reported in communities just outside the

https://www.villages-news.com/2020/07/09/the-villages-records-increase-of-23-covid-19-cases-in-24-hours/

I'm sure everyone here remembers this, Obama 2009

trying to do his best to bring American's together in understanding and common purpose. The opposite of trump's appeals to racism.
They saw Obama as just another black man supposed to be subjugated to white privilege, control. Never gave President Obama one inch of cooperation, on any issue.

Obama invites race row policeman for a beer in the White House

Barack Obama today phoned the white policeman he said "acted stupidly" in arresting a black Harvard professor in his own home and invited the officer to visit the White House as the president attempted to defuse a growing race row over the incident.

Obama revealed he made the five-minute phone call to Sergeant James Crowley shortly after police unions demanded an apology from the president for saying the police in Cambridge, Massachusetts "acted stupidly" in arresting Henry Louis Gates on charges of disorderly conduct after the officer responded to a report of a suspected burglary.

The president said he should have chosen his words more carefully but stopped short of an apology. "Because this has been ratcheting up and I helped to contribute to ratcheting it up, I want to make it clear that in my choice of words I unfortunately gave the impression I was maligning the Cambridge police department and Sergeant Crowley and I could have calibrated those words differently," he said.

Seeking to lighten the situation further, he said at the daily White House briefing that he had invited both Crowley and Gates for "a beer here in the White House".




https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/jul/24/obama-race-row-beer

Calling all young activists

Great opportunity for young journalists ...
Our Movement

We are made up of talented, service-oriented journalists who serve in under-covered areas, providing Americans with the information they need to improve their communities and hold powerful institutions accountable.

https://www.reportforamerica.org/reporters/

trump, Gop, repubs ... you have to protect our children

If you force children back into a classroom without protecting them and their teachers ... then you need to go the way of the Dodo Bird, extinct!
It’s commonly believed that the dodo went extinct because Dutch sailors ate the beast to extinction after finding that the bird was incredibly easy to catch due to the fact it had no fear of humans, (why it didn’t fear the creature many times its size is a mystery for another day). This is, for the for the most part, pretty accurate. It is noted that after sailors landed and settled on the island in 1598, the dodo’s population rapidly declined and other sources confirm that the dodo was indeed hunted by sailors looking for an easy snack, since the dodo’s ungainly gait and lack of a third axis of movement made it relatively easy to catch.



https://www.businessinsider.com/why-the-dodo-bird-went-extinct-2013-6

"We learn from history that we do not learn from history." ― Georg Hegel

It seems as if we are having to live through things that we already should have learned to avoid .... like putting a Nazi racist in power.
Oh and so much more pain from lessons not heeded.
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