HomeLatest ThreadsGreatest ThreadsForums & GroupsMy SubscriptionsMy Posts
DU Home » Latest Threads » Forums & Groups » Topics » Science » Science (Group) » Scientists have establish... » Reply #22

Response to defacto7 (Reply #9)

Wed Apr 17, 2019, 06:07 PM

22. Full article at a free site

Biological and cognitive underpinnings of religious fundamentalism
Wanting Zhong,a,b,1 Irene Cristofori,a,b,1 Joseph Bulbulia,c Frank Krueger,d,e and Jordan Grafmana,b,f

Abstract

Beliefs profoundly affect people's lives, but their cognitive and neural pathways are poorly understood. Although previous research has identified the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) as critical to representing religious beliefs, the means by which vmPFC enables religious belief is uncertain. We hypothesized that the vmPFC represents diverse religious beliefs and that a vmPFC lesion would be associated with religious fundamentalism, or the narrowing ofreligious beliefs. To test this prediction, we assessed religious adherence with a widely-used religious fundamentalism scale in a large sample of 119 patients with penetrating traumatic brain injury (pTBI). If the vmPFC is crucial to modulating diverse personal religious beliefs, we predicted that pTBI patients with lesions to the vmPFC would exhibit greater fundamentalism, and that this would be modulated by cognitive flexibility and trait openness. Instead, we found that participants with dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) lesions have fundamentalist beliefs similar to patients with vmPFC lesions and that the effect of a dlPFC lesion on fundamentalism was significantly mediated by decreased cognitive flexibility and openness. These findings indicate that cognitive flexibility and openness are necessary for flexible and adaptive religious commitment, and that such diversity of religious thought is dependent on dlPFC functionality.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5500821/

Reply to this post

Back to OP Alert abuse Link to post in-thread

Always highlight: 10 newest replies | Replies posted after I mark a forum
Replies to this discussion thread
Arrow 26 replies Author Time Post
Judi Lynn Apr 2019 OP
sfwriter Apr 2019 #1
democratisphere Apr 2019 #2
littlemissmartypants Apr 2019 #3
SWBTATTReg Apr 2019 #4
Ponietz Apr 2019 #5
KayF Apr 2019 #6
keithbvadu2 Apr 2019 #16
qazplm135 Apr 2019 #7
demosincebirth Apr 2019 #8
walkingman Apr 2019 #10
qazplm135 Apr 2019 #17
walkingman Apr 2019 #18
qazplm135 Apr 2019 #19
walkingman Apr 2019 #20
qazplm135 Apr 2019 #21
walkingman Apr 2019 #23
defacto7 Apr 2019 #9
LineLineNew Reply Full article at a free site
csziggy Apr 2019 #22
marble falls Apr 2019 #11
DoctorJoJo Apr 2019 #12
Judi Lynn Apr 2019 #13
eppur_se_muova Apr 2019 #14
keithbvadu2 Apr 2019 #15
hunter Apr 2019 #24
struggle4progress Apr 2019 #25
Loki Liesmith Apr 2019 #26
Please login to view edit histories.