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Judi Lynn

(160,746 posts)
Mon Feb 12, 2024, 01:10 PM Feb 2024

The Mystery of the Anasazi: A Maximum Security Ancient Ruin

Story by Isabella Thornton • 1d

The Mystery of the Anasazi: A Maximum Security Ancient Ruin
©Source: Wikipedia

High on the red sandstone cliffs and canyons of the American Southwest, there are ancient ruins, fragments of pottery, and petroglyphs. This is all that remains of the Anasazi, a Native American tribe that flourished from the year 500 to about 1300 AD.

More images and descriptions:

Cliff Palace


Tree-ring dating indicates that construction and refurbishing of Cliff Palace was continuous approximately from 1190 CE through 1260 CE, although the major portion of the building was done within a 20-year time span. The Ancestral Puebloans, also known as Anasazi, who constructed this cliff dwelling and the others like it at Mesa Verde were driven to these defensible positions by "increasing competition amidst changing climatic conditions".[1] Cliff Palace was abandoned by 1300, though debate is ongoing as to the cause. Some contend that a series of megadroughts interrupting food production systems was the main cause.

Cliff Palace was rediscovered in 1888 by Richard Wetherill and Charlie Mason while they were looking for stray cattle.[2][3][4]


Cliff Palace was constructed primarily out of sandstone, mortar and wooden beams. The sandstone was shaped using harder stones, and a mortar of soil, water and ash was used to hold everything together. "Chinking" stones were placed within the mortar to fill gaps and provide stability. Many of the walls were decorated with colored earthen plasters, which were the first to erode over time.[citation needed] Many visitors wonder about the relatively small size of the doorways at Cliff Palace; the explanation being that at the time the average man was under 5 feet 6 inches (1.68 m), while the average woman was closer to 5 feet (1.5 m)[4] Cliff Palace contains 23 kivas (round sunken rooms of ceremonial importance) and 150 rooms and had a population of approximately 100 people. One kiva, in the center of the ruin, is at a point where the entire structure is partitioned by a series of walls with no doorways or other access portals. The walls of this kiva were plastered with one color on one side and a different color on the opposing side.[4] "It is thought that Cliff Palace was a social, administrative site with high c

eremonial usage."[4] Archaeologists believe that Cliff Palace contained more clans than the surrounding Mesa Verde communities. This belief stems from the higher ratio of rooms to kivas. Cliff Palace has a room-to-kiva ratio of 9 to 1. The average room-to-kiva ratio for a Mesa Verde community is 12 to 1.[1] This ratio of kivas to rooms may suggest that Cliff Palace might have been the center of a large polity that included surrounding small communities.[1]

A large square tower is to the right and almost reaches the cave "roof". It was in ruins by the 1800s. The National Park Service carefully restored it to its approximate height and stature, making it one of the most memorable buildings in Cliff Palace. It is the tallest structure at Mesa Verde standing at 26 feet (7.9 m) tall, with four levels. Slightly differently colored materials were used to show that it was a restoration.[5][6]

A 13th-century mural of a rectangular tower believed to be Cliff Palace

Round tower, Cliff Palace in 1941. A 1941 photograph of Cliff Palace by Ansel Adams


5 replies = new reply since forum marked as read
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The Mystery of the Anasazi: A Maximum Security Ancient Ruin (Original Post) Judi Lynn Feb 2024 OP
Amazing to see. efhmc Feb 2024 #1
Glad it's run by National Park Service. SarahD Feb 2024 #3
they made kick ass pottery. mopinko Feb 2024 #2
Are you thinking of the Mimbres culture? Warpy Feb 2024 #5
Who are they? SarahD Feb 2024 #4


(1,371 posts)
3. Glad it's run by National Park Service.
Mon Feb 12, 2024, 01:48 PM
Feb 2024

Otherwise they would turn it into a high end resort with casinos and water slides. By the way, if you drive around that area, you can see many other similar cliff houses tucked away in the alcoves and overhangs.


(70,415 posts)
2. they made kick ass pottery.
Mon Feb 12, 2024, 01:48 PM
Feb 2024

when i took a history of ceramics class at saic, we had a lecture on native american pottery. saw these exact pictures, asked the same wtf?
there r pictures of an anasazi potter who was a 2 spirit. amazing work. i cant remember where they went after they left this place, but iirc, they joined w the hopi? maybe. 1 of the four corners tribes. hence there being a photo.


(111,518 posts)
5. Are you thinking of the Mimbres culture?
Mon Feb 12, 2024, 04:05 PM
Feb 2024

They were truly amazing artists. The book of their pottery is still in print, Amazon has it.


(1,371 posts)
4. Who are they?
Mon Feb 12, 2024, 01:57 PM
Feb 2024

Many modern Zuni people believe they are descendants of the Anasazi because there are similarities in religious practices. The Navajo and Ute live in the area now, but don't think they are related because Anasazi is a term that means something like "enemies of our ancestors."

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