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Thu Nov 17, 2016, 02:38 PM

US to launch its most advanced weather satellite yet

The most scientifically capable weather satellite the United States has ever launched is slated to soar into orbit on 19 November. From its vantage point 35,800 kilometres up nearly one-tenth of the way to the moon the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R Series (GOES-R) will snap images of weather and atmospheric phenomena as they roll across the United States.

GOES-R can take pictures as often as every 30 seconds, much faster than the several-minute intervals of current GOES weather satellites. That rapid-fire imagery allows the satellite to track developing changes in thunderstorms, hurricanes and other severe storms. It also enables meteorologists to follow plumes of wildfire smoke or volcanic ash as they spread. And it helps emergency responders to better prepare for where to deploy resources as a storm advances, says Louis Uccellini, director of the National Weather Service.

The next-generation satellite can also take pictures with a sharper focus and in a broader range of wavelengths than the current GOES satellites. Its like going from black-and-white to a super-high-definition television, says Stephen Volz, an assistant administrator with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Silver Spring, Maryland.

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http://www.nature.com/news/us-to-launch-its-most-advanced-weather-satellite-yet-1.20970

https://www.wmo-sat.info/oscar/satellites/view/152

And GOES-S is scheduled for 2018. Hope the launches go well (and I wish it was from Vandenberg so I could watch...)

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Reply US to launch its most advanced weather satellite yet (Original post)
petronius Nov 2016 OP
petronius Nov 2016 #1

Response to petronius (Original post)

Sun Nov 20, 2016, 01:30 PM

1. Looks like the launch was a success!



GOES-R will scan the skies five times faster than todays GOES spacecraft, with four times greater image resolution and three times the spectral channels. It will provide high-resolution, rapid-refresh satellite imagery as often as every 30 seconds, allowing for a more detailed look at a storm to determine whether it is growing or decaying.

GOES-R data will help improve hurricane tracking and intensity forecasts, the prediction and warnings of severe weather, including tornadoes and thunderstorms. Additionally, GOES-Rs improved rainfall estimates will lead to more timely and accurate flood warnings.

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For the aviation sector, GOES-R will deliver clearer views of clouds at different atmospheric levels, generating better estimates of wind speed and direction and improved detection of fog, ice and lightning. This will improve aviation forecasts and flight route planning to avoid hazardous conditions such as turbulence.

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GOES-R is flying six new instruments, including the first operational lightning mapper in geostationary orbit. This new technology will enable scientists to observe lightning, an important indicator of where and when a storm is likely to intensify. Forecasters will use the mapper to hone in on storms that represent the biggest threat. Improved space weather sensors on GOES-R will monitor the sun and relay crucial information to forecasters so they can issue space weather alerts and warnings. Data from GOES-R will result in 34 new, or improved, meteorological, solar and space weather products.

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http://www.noaa.gov/media-release/goes-r-heads-to-orbit-will-improve-weather-forecasting

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