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Judi Lynn

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Member since: 2002
Number of posts: 147,053

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Scientists find advanced geometry no secret to prehistoric architects in US Southwest

Scientists find advanced geometry no secret to prehistoric architects in US Southwest
January 23, 2017





A satellite photo of Pueblo Bonito archaeological site with illustrations demonstrating its geometrical properties. Credit: Dr. Sherry Towers



Imagine you are about to plan and construct a building that involves several complicated geometrical shapes, but you aren't allowed to write down any numbers or notes as you do it. For most of us, this would be impossible.

Yet, new research from Arizona State University has revealed that the ancient Southwestern Pueblo people, who had no written language or written number system, were able to do just that - and used these skills to build sophisticated architectural complexes.

Dr. Sherry Towers, a professor with the ASU Simon A. Levin Mathematical, Computational and Modeling Sciences Center, uncovered these findings while spending several years studying the Sun Temple archaeological site in Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado, constructed around A.D. 1200.

"The site is known to have been an important focus of ceremony in the region for the ancestral Pueblo peoples, including solstice observations," Towers says. "My original interest in the site involved looking at whether it was used for observing stars as well."

Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-01-scientists-advanced-geometry-secret-prehistoric.html#jCp

Archaeologists shed new light on collapse of Mayan civilization

Archaeologists shed new light on collapse of Mayan civilization
by Brooks Hays
Tempe, Ariz. (UPI) Jan 23, 2017


Archaeologists have created the most precise timeline of Mayan civilization, offering new insights into the ancient people's downfall.

As part of a new survey of Mayan archeological data, researchers analyzed 154 radiocarbon dates at a single site, the Royal Palace of Ceibal, which was burned during the Classic Maya collapse in the 9th century. The newly analyzed dates yielded a more precise chronology, revealing ebbs and flows leading up to the 9th-century collapse.

The survey -- soon to be published in the journal PNAS -- also revealed the presence of an earlier, smaller collapse. As shown by the radiocarbon data, the patterns of population size and building construction before and after each collapse are nearly identical.

"What we found out is that those two cases of collapse -- Classic and Preclassic -- follow similar patterns," lead study author Takeshi Inomata, a professor of anthropology and archaeology at the University of Arizona, said in a news release. "It's not just a simple collapse, but there are waves of collapse. First, there are smaller waves, tied to warfare and some political instability, then comes the major collapse, in which many centers got abandoned. Then there was some recovery in some places, then another collapse."


http://www.terradaily.com/reports/Archaeologists_shed_new_light_on_collapse_of_Mayan_civilization_999.html


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El Caracol, Chichen Itza

We are destroying rainforests so quickly they may be gone in 100 years

We are destroying rainforests so quickly they may be gone in 100 years

John Vidal

At current rates of deforestation, rainforests will vanish altogether in a century. Stopping climate change will remain an elusive goal unless poor nations are helped to preserve them

Monday 23 January 2017 05.50 EST


If you want to see the world’s climate changing, fly over a tropical country. Thirty years ago, a wide belt of rainforest circled the earth, covering much of Latin America, south-east Asia and Africa. Today, it is being rapidly replaced by great swathes of palm oil trees and rubber plantations, land cleared for cattle grazing, soya farming, expanding cities, dams and logging.

People have been deforesting the tropics for thousands of years for timber and farming, but now, nothing less than the physical transformation of the Earth is taking place. Every year about 18m hectares of forest – an area the size of England and Wales – is felled. In just 40 years, possibly 1bn hectares, the equivalent of Europe, has gone. Half the world’s rainforests have been razed in a century, and the latest satellite analysis shows that in the last 15 years new hotspots have emerged from Cambodia to Liberia. At current rates, they will vanish altogether in 100 years.

As fast as the trees go, the chance of slowing or reversing climate change becomes slimmer. Tropical deforestation causes carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, to linger in the atmosphere and trap solar radiation. This raises temperatures and leads to climate change: deforestation in Latin America, Asia and Africa can affect rainfall and weather everywhere from the US Midwest, to Europe and China.

The consensus of the world’s atmospheric scientists is that about 12% of all man-made climate emissions – nearly as much as the world’s 1.2bn cars and lorries – now comes from deforestation, mostly in tropical areas. Conserving forests is critical; the carbon locked up in Democratic Republic of the Congo’s 150m hectares of forests are nearly three times the world’s global annual emissions.

More:
https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2017/jan/23/destroying-rainforests-quickly-gone-100-years-deforestation

Death strikes First Nations community, once a leader in suicide prevention

Death strikes First Nations community, once a leader in suicide prevention

Wapekeka First Nation used to be a shining example amid Canada’s suicide crisis, but residents link the dismantling of a key program to new deaths

Ashifa Kassam in Toronto
Friday 20 January 2017 04.00 EST

For decades, Wapekeka First Nation was a shining example of a community that was managing to keep at bay the wave of suicides that has swept through so many of Canada’s indigenous communities.

But two years after funding cuts forced them to dismantle a pioneering suicide-prevention program, the deadly epidemic has again struck the remote northern Ontario community.

Two 12-year-old girls have taken their own lives in recent weeks and another four girls in this 430-person community have been flown out and placed on 24-hour suicide watch.

Another 26 students are considered high risk for suicide, with leaders expecting this number to grow in the coming days. “Our community is in crisis,” said Joshua Frogg, the spokesperson for Wapekeka First Nation. For many across Canada, the two girls who died – Jolynn Winter and Frogg’s niece, Chantel Fox – are nothing more than names, said Frogg. “For those of us that live in the community, those are our children. They are our future, they are our legacy.”

More:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/20/canada-first-nation-suicide-crisis-wapekekaDeath strikes First Nations community, once a leader in suicide prevention

Wapekeka First Nation used to be a shining example amid Canada’s suicide crisis, but residents link the dismantling of a key program to new deaths

Ashifa Kassam in Toronto
Friday 20 January 2017 04.00 EST

For decades, Wapekeka First Nation was a shining example of a community that was managing to keep at bay the wave of suicides that has swept through so many of Canada’s indigenous communities.

But two years after funding cuts forced them to dismantle a pioneering suicide-prevention program, the deadly epidemic has again struck the remote northern Ontario community.

Two 12-year-old girls have taken their own lives in recent weeks and another four girls in this 430-person community have been flown out and placed on 24-hour suicide watch.

Another 26 students are considered high risk for suicide, with leaders expecting this number to grow in the coming days. “Our community is in crisis,” said Joshua Frogg, the spokesperson for Wapekeka First Nation. For many across Canada, the two girls who died – Jolynn Winter and Frogg’s niece, Chantel Fox – are nothing more than names, said Frogg. “For those of us that live in the community, those are our children. They are our future, they are our legacy.”

More:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/20/canada-first-nation-suicide-crisis-wapekeka

Why Health Care Repeal is a Stealth Tax Break for Millionaires

JANUARY 19, 2017
by JOSH HOXIE


Great magicians are masters of diversion. They attract our attention with one hand while using the other to trick us into thinking a supernatural act is taking place.

But even the best street performers could learn a lesson from the folks in Congress who are trying to repeal the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare.

When we talk about repealing Obamacare, we almost never talk about the windfall payday it would bring to multi-millionaires and billionaires. In fact, this massive tax cut is the proverbial card hiding in the sleeve of lawmakers pushing repeal.

A new study from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities shows the 400 richest Americans, a group whose average annual income tops $300 million each, would get a combined annual tax cut of $2.8 billion if the Affordable Care Act is repealed.

More:
http://www.counterpunch.org/2017/01/19/why-health-care-repeal-is-a-stealth-tax-break-for-millionaires/

Colombias largest neo-paramilitary group AGC claims to have 8,000 members written by Adriaan Alsema

Colombia’s largest neo-paramilitary group AGC claims to have 8,000 members
written by Adriaan Alsema January 19, 2017




The Gaitanista Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AGC), the South American country’s largest neo-paramilitary group, has 8,000 members, the group’s spokesperson told Colombia Reports.

The number given by AGC spokesperson “Raul Jaramillo” is considerably higher than the number estimated by authorities.

. . .

When Uribe broke his promise not to extradite the AUC leadership in 2008, the AGC announced its existence and began taking control of criminal activities left by its predecessor.

Since then, the AGC and other AUC successor groups have become Colombia’s top human rights violator and are accused of having killed hundreds of leftists, community leaders, human rights defenders and journalists since.

More:
http://colombiareports.com/colombias-largest-neo-paramilitary-group-agc-claims-8000-members/

U.S.-Cuba sign torrent of agreements under the inauguration wire

Source: Washington Post


By Karen DeYoung January 18 at 6:58 PM


The United States and Cuba on Wednesday signed a treaty delineating their maritime boundary in the eastern Gulf of Mexico amid a torrent of last-minute negotiations between the two governments in the outgoing days of the Obama administration.

In the past two weeks, Washington and Havana also inked agreements on joint responses to potential oil spills and other pollution in the gulf and the Florida Straits; cooperation on law enforcement and information sharing; and maritime and aeronautical search and rescue.

Teams from the two governments also held their third meeting on outstanding monetary and property claims and held discussions about cooperation on human trafficking.

Last week, Obama unilaterally eliminated special preferences for Cubans seeking admission to the United States, including the 20-year-old “wet-foot, dry-foot” policy that automatically allowed any Cuban reaching U.S. soil to stay and be given near-automatic approval for permanent residence.

Read more: https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/us-cuba-sign-torrent-of-agreements-under-the-inauguration-wire/2017/01/18/5ba1558c-ddce-11e6-acdf-14da832ae861_story.html?utm_term=.1ba0e0263f17

Wow, tenorly, looking for the first of your two names of Italian participants in Operation Condor,

Stefano Della Chaiaie, really blew a hole open in my wall of ignorance about that guy. Simply unbelievable! I had NO IDEA about this facet of that monstrous, complex underground crime against humanity.

I have to post this as a note to others who want to find out more, like me, that this is something which should NOT remain swept under the rug:

In Latin America

Stefano Delle Chiaie's first known visit to Latin America was to Chile with Prince Valerio Borghese late in 1973 after the CIA-backed coup which ousted and killed President Salvador Allende. The build-up to the Chilean coup bore numerous similarities to the events which unsettled Italy from early 1969 onwards. The two fascists' trip to Chile was ostensibly on behalf of a Madrid agency, Enesia, to establish friendly relations and encourage trade with the new regime, but in fact to discuss the setting up of an international hit squad to kill the enemies of the Junta and to neutralise all overseas opposition.

This proposal for a transnational terror network later to become known as "Operation Condor" was discussed and agreed with the Chilean Head of Station of the American CIA, Raymond Warren, responsible for running psychological warfare and paramilitary operations networks for eliminating anti-Junta dissidents in other Latin American countries and in Europe.

The first contract fulfilled was the murder in September 1974 of General Carlos Prats and his wife in Buenos Aires. The murder was carried out by the neo-fascist terrorist group Patria y Libertad, a network of right-wing criminals trained in Bolivia and at a school of the United States International Police Academy.

LAYING A FALSE TRAIL

In September 1975 Delle Chiaie travelled to Rome on a false passport where he met Michael Townley, a US-born agent of the Chilean secret service, the DINA, Townley's wife, Mariana Ines Callejas, also a DINA agent, and Virgilio Paz, an anti-Castro Cuban terrorist leader. According to a statement made by Townley to the FBI, following his successful extradition to the United States from Chile on charges of having murdered exiled Chilean leader Orlando Letelier, all three met with Delle Chiaie and his associates to discuss the proposed assassination of Bernardo Leighton.

More:
https://libcom.org/library/latin-america

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Licio Gelli:

After Richard Nixon became president in 1969, the strategy of tension gained more impetus. National Adviser Henry Kissinger issued orders to Licio Gelli to carry out terror attacks and coup attempts. The United States and the Vatican channeled millions of dollars for these operations. Most of the money was raised in questionable ways. The first major attack in Europe took place on December 12, 1969 when a bomb went off in the lobby of Banca Nazionale Dell’ Agricoltura in Milan, Italy. Seventeen people died in the explosion. Within an hour, three bombs exploded in Rome. According to official figures, 14,591 acts of violence with a political motivation took place between January 1, 1969 and December 31, 1987. In these terror attacks, 491 people died and 1,181 were injured. A large number of terror attacks took place in other European countries from 1965 to 1981. After a series of assassination attempts to kill French President De Gaulle failed, he denounced “the secret warfare of the Pentagon” and expelled the European headquarters of NATO.

In the Latin America, the CIA and the Vatican launched Operation Condor as the Latin American version of the Operation Gladio. The label was applied very liberally by the US intelligence agencies that “any government risked being so labeled if it advocated nationalization of private industry (particularly foreign-owned corporations), radical land reform, autarkic trade policies, acceptance of soviet aid, or an anti-American foreign policy.” The CIA and the Vatican started Operation Condor in the early 1970s when Opus Dei elicited support from Chilean bishops for the overthrow of the government of President Allende. The Catholic group was closely working with the CIA-funded organizations such as the Fatherland and Liberty, which was later turned into the dreaded Chilean secret police. “In 1971, the CIA began shelling out millions to the Chilean Institute for General Studies (IGS), an Opus Dei think tank, for the planning of the revolution.” Many members of the IGS joined the government after the coup. Hernan Cubillos became the foreign minister. He was the founder of Que Pasa, an OPUS Dei magazine, and publisher of El Mercurio, the largest newspaper in Santiago which was subsidized by the CIA.

Williams shows that the Vatican was fully involved in Operation Condor. The Pope was fully behind the purging of the left wing clerics; leaders of the military junta were devout Catholics. The Vatican did not abandon General Pinochet even when he was arrested in Britain for the murder of thousands of Chileans. Vatican Secretary of State Cardinal Angelo Sodano wrote to the British government on behalf of the Pope to demand his release. Under Pinochet, hundreds of thousands Chileans had disappeared while more than four thousands had died. More than fifty thousand Chileans were tortured in the name of Catholic god. CIA’s dirty war was perpetuated in many Latin American countries with the help and blessing of the Vatican.

More:
http://www.thewashingtonbookreview.com/br/the-untold-story-of-unholy-alliance-between-the-vatican-the-cia-and-the-mafia/

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There's so much which has been hidden, denied, swept under the rug, and we have come to the time there ARE enough sources available for those who will take the time to start researching some major events which show a totally different world has been going on from the one we thought we knew.

Getting clean democracies in place will put an end to this fascist crap.

Thank you, so much for helping us to find what we need to know, tenorly!

Bulge in Venus Atmosphere Likely Caused by Gravity Waves

Bulge in Venus’ Atmosphere Likely Caused by Gravity Waves
By Nathaniel Scharping | January 16, 2017 1:56 pm




Suppl.2
The massive bow wave is visible in the upper atmosphere
of Venus in this infrared image. (Credit: ©Planet-C)


A massive, bow-shaped wave was spotted for the first time in the highest regions of Venus’ atmosphere, perplexing astronomers.

The structure was captured by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) in some of the first images returned by their Akatsuki orbiter following a troubled orbital insertion in late 2015. Using both infrared and UV imaging, researchers spotted the prominent feature in the planet’s upper atmosphere, where winds whip by in excess of 200 miles per hour. Any features spotted in the atmosphere should get carried along by the fierce winds, but this curved wave remained planted firmly in place, lasting for at least four days.

Planet-spanning

The wave extends for more than 6,000 miles, stretching nearly from pole to pole. It is marked by the presence of slightly warmer air in the upper portion of the planet’s thick atmosphere, some 40 miles above the surface. While small aberrations are common in the upper atmosphere, such a large feature, to say nothing of one that refuses to move, is highly uncommon.

Venus’ atmosphere is in a state of super-rotation, meaning it moves much faster than the planet does. Venus rotates very slowly on its axis, completing just one rotation every 243 Earth days — longer than it takes the planet to go around the sun. On Earth, winds move only 10 to 20 percent the speed of the planet at most, but on Venus they far outpace the planet’s stately spin.

More:
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2017/01/16/venus-atmosphere-bow-wave/#.WH2b-BsrKyI

Academics race to save rare colonial documents in Cuba

Academics race to save rare colonial documents in Cuba
Chris Gillette, Associated Press Updated 6:19 am, Monday, January 16, 2017


HAVANA (AP) — An American team of academics is racing to preserve millions of Cuban historical documents before they are lost to the elements and poor storage conditions.

Many of the documents shed light on the slave trade, an integral part of Cuba's colonial history that was intertwined with that of the United States.

. . .

Their latest project is a partnership between the British Library Foundation and Vanderbilt University to capture almost 2 million documents in digital form, a treasure trove stretching back to the mid-16th century of documents about early island life and the slave trade.

David Lafevor said there is nothing like Cuba's documents in the U.S., where slaves were considered possessions, not human beings.

More:
http://www.chron.com/news/world/article/Academics-race-to-save-rare-colonial-documents-in-10859637.php

LBN:
http://www.democraticunderground.com/10141667079
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